Demography - Deaths

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REASONS for the DECLINE in DEATH rate

  • Medical improvments - NHS - 1949
  • Improved nutrition
  • Health and saftey
  • Smaller familes - less infection spreading
  • Decline in dangerous occupations - mining
  • Greater medical knowledge
  • Higher incomes = healther lifestyle
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Life EXPECTANCY

  • Males - UK - 1990 - 50
  • Females - UK - 1990 - 57
  • Males - UK - 2006 - 76
  • Females - UK - 2006 - 81
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TRENDS

  • Fallen since 1900
  • Falling from 1870 to 1930, then rose in the 30s and 40s
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AGING population

  • Harldy anyone dies in early life
  • People are living longer
  • Average age in the UK in 1971 was 34

EFFECTS:

  • Public services
  • Dependancy ratio
  • One-person pensioner households
  • Social construction that the aging population is a 'problem' - 'Agism' and 'pensioner costs'
  • GRIFFITHS report - Growing costs of health and social care for the growing number of elderly
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