Demographic trends 2
Birth rate- The number of children born in 2004 was 34% lower than that of 1901 and 21% lower than 1971. The birth rate was low for some time due to role of women. However, in 2006 birth rates were at highest for 26 years ( ONS announced)
Fertility rate- refers to the number of children that women of childbearing age have in one year. The rate has decresed, in 1999 there was 57 in 1000 women and in 2001 it was 54.1 women out of 1000 women.
Dual-earner families- The decline in fertility rates have led to decline of full-time mother& more of dual earner families.Over 60% of familes with children now combine jobs&family life.
Childlessness- The family policy studies Centre estimated that 1/5 will choose to remain childles, and this is expected to double in next 20 years ( McAllister 1998)
Death Rate- As the population has increased, life expectancy has increased and death rates have fallen;1971--2004 the death rtae for all males fell by 21%, females fell by 9%.