DEMOCRACY

  • Created by: Q_
  • Created on: 01-04-19 21:44

PARLIAMENTARY DEMOCRACY

  • The government is drawn from members of parliament. 
  • The government is held to account by parliament. 
  • There is a unified system, where the executive and legisalture are from the same party.
  • The head of state and the head of government are separate.
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PRESIDENTIAL DEMOCRACY

  • The government is elected separately from members of the legislature.
  • The electorate holds the government to account.
  • There is the possibility of a divided government when different parties control the executive and the legislature.
  • The head of state is the head of government too. 
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PLURALIST DEMOCRACY

Pluralism is the idea that there is competition between different groups who represent different concerns, either as parties or pressure groups. 

In a pluralist democracy, power is widley and evenly distributed across society rather than concentrated in the hands of an elite. 

The government should remain neutral in a pluralist system and make decisions based on the merits of the competing arguments, making it an alternative to majoritarian and parliamentary democracy. 

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PLURALIST DEMOCRACY

In a pluralist democracy:

  • There will be a wide dispersal of power among competing groups.
  • There will be no elite groups. 
  • Groups will be internally democratic.
  • Group leaders will be accountable to their members.
  • There will be a range of access points.
  • The government should remain politically neutral. 
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