Demand for resources vary with time & location (& development) FLASHCARDS NEEDED

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  • Created by: StevenFox
  • Created on: 08-04-16 16:30

Democratic Republic of Congo

Resource rich, but still LEDC,

Holds 10% of copper, and 34% Cobolt

Also has Uranium, Gold, Silver, and Tin & major offshore oil deposit

Huge HEP potential

Life Expectancy = 49

Infant mortality = 129/1000

Poor Government - Civil war between 1998 - 2003

Corruption

$2.6 billion in exports for 60 million people (Compared to UK of $650 billion for same population)

Poverty means internal demand for these resources is low

56% of its copper is exported, highly vunerable to world markets

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Japan

  • Resource poor, but highly developed
  • GDP - Around $40,000

Owes prosperity to educated & skilled workforce 

Imports most of coal and 3/4 of oil

69% of national output is tertiary, 30% is manufactoring

Industries like shipbuilding & steelworks thrived in 1960's but changed to knowledge industries like telecoms and electronics 

Most industry moved to Europe, Asia, and North America

Explains why raw material imports fell by 12% in 1993 - 2003

However, oil imports continue to rise

As its economy and high standard of living is still fuelled by energy

35% increase in energe use between 1990-2005 due to general rise in living standards and increase in economy (GDP increase by 25%)

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China

Previously LEDC

Companies started to locate here

Led to surge in industry

Became second largest economy in the world

Growth mainly occurd in last 10 years

In 2004, responsible for 1/2 metal demand and 1/3 oil demand

2007, largest iron or producer yet still imports 375 million tonnes 

1990 = 2.4 million barrels a day, now 7 million, only 1/2 is met by domestic supply

Has 1/5th of population, consumes half od world cement, 1/3 steel and 1/4 of aliminium

  • 2000-2006, 37% a year increase in car ownership
  • China is Australia's second largest market for dairy
  • Trade links with Sudan, Angola, DRC, to secure supply
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