Deindividuation Studies

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  • Created by: jg1234
  • Created on: 08-02-16 20:43

Zimbardo et al

White Lab Coat Study

  • 4 female undergraduates 
  • 2 were wearing white lab coats and were made to be anonymous, but 2 of them were made so that they could be recognized 
  • the participants were able asked to shock others to aid them with their learning 
  • the undergraduates that were made anonymous and deindividuated gave more shocks than those who were made recognizable 
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Zimbardo et al

Stanford Prison Experiment

  • a 'prison' was built underneath Stanford Prison 
  • students at the university became guards and prisoners in the prison 
  • the guards were given customes including blacked out sunglasses so that they were unrecognizable to the prisoners
  • the prisoners were recognized by numbers - they were dehumanised to the guards 
  • the dehumanisation of all of the prisoners and the anonymity of the guards made it much easier for the guards to be aggressive towards the prisoners 
  • the study was meant to last for two weeks but due to the aggressive behaviour shown by all of the participants it was cancelled after just 6 days 
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Diener et al

Halloween Trick or Treaters

  • A study conducted using 1300 children in USA 
  • it was a natural experiment - the IV was naturally occuring 
  • people who were in large groups and wearing costumes were a lot more likely to be involved in antisocial behaviour, steal money and steal sweets etc 
  • as they were in large groups and costumes it made them a lot harder to be identified personally 
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Watson

  • looked at data relating to 23 traditional societies 
  • they looked at whether they changed their appearances before they went into war and how they treated their victims (did they kill, mutilate and torture them) 
  • out of 13 societies which killed, mutilated and tortured their victims, 12 of them changed their apperances 
  • 10 societies which didn't kill, mutilate or torute their victims, 7 of them didn't change their apperances 
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Watson

  • looked at data relating to 23 traditional societies 
  • they looked at whether they changed their appearances before they went into war and how they treated their victims (did they kill, mutilate and torture them) 
  • out of 13 societies which killed, mutilated and tortured their victims, 12 of them changed their apperances 
  • 10 societies which didn't kill, mutilate or torute their victims, 7 of them didn't change their apperances 
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