DEFINITIONS OF ABNORMALITY

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  • Created by: _Holly98
  • Created on: 05-04-16 08:40

FAILURE FUNCTION ADEQUATELY

NO LONGER COPE DEMANDS EVERY DAY LIFE

UNABLE MANTAIN BASIC NUTRITION / HYGEINE

CANT HOLD DOWN JOB / RELATIONSHIP

ROSHENHAM & SELIGMAN SIGNS NOT COPING

  • PESRON DOESNT CONFORM STANDARD INTERPERSONAL RULES
  • DISTRESS
  • BEHAVIOR IRRATIONAL / DANGEROUS

INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY DISORDER - HAVING V LOW IQ

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EVALUATIONS

PATIENTS PERSPECTIVE: DOESNT ATTEMPT INCLUDE EXPEREINCE INDIVIDUAL - HARD ASSES STRESS - SHOWS EXPEREINCE PATIENT IMPORTANT

SUBJECTIVE JUDGEMENTS: SOMEONE JUDGE PATIENT DISTRESSED. METHODS E.G. CHECKLIST. PSYCHIATRIST RIGHT MAKE JUDGEMENT

IS IT DEVIATION SOCIAL NORMS: HARD TELL DIFFERENCE E.G. NO JOB SEEN FAILURE BUT PEOPLE CHOOSE LIVE LIKE THAT - TREAT FAILURE RISK LIMITING FREEDOM / DISCRIMMINATION

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DEVIATION IDEAL MENTAL HEALTH

WHAT MAKES SOMEONE NORMAL?

JAHODAS CRITERIA IDEAL MENTAL HEALTH

  • NO SYMPTOM DISTRESS
  • RATIONAL
  •  SELF-ACTUALISE
  • COPE WITH STRESS
  • REALISTIC VIEW WORLD
  • GOOD SELF-ESTEEM
  • INDEPENDANT
  • ENJOY OUR LEISURE
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EVALUATIONS

COMPREHENSIVE DEFINITION: COVER BROAD RANGE - MOST REASONS PEOPLE SEEK HELP

CULTURAL RELATIVISM: IDEAS SPECIFIC WESTERN EUROPE / USA - CULTURE BOUND. MOST WORLD SEE INDEPENDANCE BAD THING - TRAITS INDIVIDUALIST CULTURES

UNREALISTIC HIGH STANDARD: APPROACH MAJORITY PEOPLE ABNORMAL. +VE CLEAR PEOPLE BENEFIT COUNSELLING -VE NO VALUE PEOPLE TREATMENT AGAINST WILL

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STATISTICAL DEVIATION

OBVIOUS WAY DEFINE SOMETHING NORMAL ACCORDING NO. TIMES OBSERVED

ANY BEHAVIOUR ABNORMAL - STATISTICAL DEVIATION

IQ & INTELLECTUAL

  • WORK DEALING CHARACTERISTICS RELIABLY MEASURED
  • MAJORTY SCORE AVERAGE - FURTHER AWAY LESS PEOPLE
  • NORMAL DISTRIBUTION
  • AVERAGE = 100 - 68% SCORED 85 - 115 - 2% SCORE BELOW 70
  • BELOW 70 ABNORMAL - LIABLE DIAGNOSIS
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EVALUATION; REAL LIFE APPLICATION

DIAGNOSIS INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY DISORDER

IS PLACE STATISTICAL DEVIATION THINKING NORMAL & ABNORMAL

ASSESSMENTS MENTAL DISRODERS INCLUDE MEASURMENT SEVERITY SYMPTOMS COMPAED STATISTICAL NORMS

USEFUL CLINICLAL ASSESSMENT

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EVALUATION: UNUSUAL CHARACTERISTICS POSITIVE

IQ SCORE OVER 130 JUST UNUSUAL AS 70

WOULDNT THINK SUPERINTELIGENCE UNDESRIABLE NEED TREATMENT

JUST COS FEW PEOPLE DISPLAY - DOESNT MEAN ABNORMAL

NEVER USED ALONE MAKE DIAGNOSIS

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EVALUATION: NOT EVERYONE BENEFIT LABEL

SOMEONE LIVING HAPPY LIFE NO BENEFIT LABELLED ABNORMAL

LOW IQ NOT DISTRESSED - CAPABLE WORKING NOT NEED DIAGNOSIS

LABBELED NEGATIVE AFFECT ON VIEWS ON THEMSELVES

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DEVIATION SOCIAL NORMS

GROUPS PEOPLE DEFINE BEHAVIOUR NORMAL

COLLECTIVE JUDGEMENT SOCIETY WHAT RIGHT

SPECIFIC CULTURE LIVE IN

  • DIFFERENT GENERATIONS - FEW BEHAVOURS UNIVERSALLY ABNORMAL
  • HOMOSEXUALITY ABNORMAL SOME CULTURES

ANTISOCIAL PERSONALITY DISORDER

  • IMPULSIVE / AGGRESSIVE / IRRESPONSIBLE
  • SOCIAL JUDGEMENT PSYCHPATH ABNORMAL DONT CONFORM STANDARDS
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EVALUATION: NOT SOLE EXPLANATION

REAL LIFE APPLICATION DIAGNOSIS ANTISOCIAL PERSONALITY DISORDER

PLACE DEVIATION SOCIAL NORMS THINKING NORMAL

OTHER FACTORS CONSIDER E.G. DISTRESS OTHER PEOPLE

NEVER SOLE REASON DEFINE ABNORMALITY

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EVALUATION: CULTURAL RELATIVISM

NORMS VARY GENERATIONTO NEXT

PERSON ONE CULTURAL GROUP SAY ANOTHER CULTURE ABNORMAL ACCORDING STANDARDS LIVING

E.G. HEARING VOICES ACCEPTABLE SOME CULTURES - UK ABNORMAL

 

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EVALUATION: LEAD TO HUMAN RIGHT ABUSES

RELIANCE DEVIATION SOCIAL NORMS UNDERSTAND ABNORMALITY LEAD SYSTEMITIC ABUSE HUMAN RIGHTS

HISTORY DIAGNOSES MANTAIN CONTROL MINORITY ETHNIC GROUPS

RADICAL PYSCHOLOGISTS SUGGEST MODERN CATEGORIES ARE ABUSES OF PEOPLES RIGHT TO BE DIFFERENT

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EVALUATION: LEAD TO HUMAN RIGHT ABUSES

RELIANCE DEVIATION SOCIAL NORMS UNDERSTAND ABNORMALITY LEAD SYSTEMITIC ABUSE HUMAN RIGHTS

HISTORY DIAGNOSES MANTAIN CONTROL MINORITY ETHNIC GROUPS

RADICAL PYSCHOLOGISTS SUGGEST MODERN CATEGORIES ARE ABUSES OF PEOPLES RIGHT TO BE DIFFERENT

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