- Created by: RevisionBug01
- Created on: 02-04-19 11:51
Crime - An act committed in violation of laws of a particular society and has a set of punishments written into the law.
Social Construction - (the way we view crime) depends on how we see it from both a legal and normative viewpoint at a particular time for example homosexuality was illegal until 1969 and remains illegal in some countries. Criminal behaviour is not a constant.
Ways of measuring crime
To deal with crime and form laws evidence of how much crime is actually committed needs to be collected.
Official Statistics - produced annually by the government
- Based on any incident reported to the police or when the police discover an offence
- Crime prevention strategies and Police initiatives usually occur as a result of official statistics
- Asks a random sample of 50000 households to identify which crimes have been committed against them over a fixed period of time.
- Confidential interview using a fixed set of questions relating to specific attitudes and crime.
- Aim was to increase knowledge about young people and criminal behaviour
- Sample of around 5000 to provide information about the extent of offending, anti social behaviour and drug use.