- Skeletal Deformities
- Fragile Bones
- Poor Growth and development
- Dental Problems
Usually occurs when there is a lack of vitamin D or Calcium in a childs system, this is essential to enable the body to absorb Calcium and Phosphorus.
Rickets is usually diagnosed through:
- Physical Examination
- Medical History
- Blood Tests
Rickets is usually treated with increase in intake of Vitamin D and Calcium.
- Eating more foods rich in vitamin D and calcium.
- Taking daily calcium and vitamin D supplements
- Having a vitamin D injection regularly
- Make sure the child has a healthy and balanced diet that contains plenty of vitamin D and calcium.
- Sunlight gives individuals vitamin D
Symptoms in adults include:
- Feeling tired and weak all the time.
- Pain in limbs,particularly the legs.
- Appearance of small red-blue spots on skin.
- Shortness of breath,particulary after exercise.
- Easily bruised skin.
Symptoms in infants include:
- Lack of appetite.
- Poor weight gain.
- High Temperature-38 degrees or above.
Scurvy is caused by a lack of Vitamin C in a diet, Without enough Vitamin C the body cant produce new collagen-which is a protein found in many body tissues., without the supply of collagen the tissue begins to break down and deteriorate.
Scurvy is usually diagnosed by a doctor generally looking at the symptoms an individual has, tests can be carried out to measure the levels of Vitamin C an individual has. Sometime radiological procedures can be done to allow doctors to see damage scurvy has done.
Scurvy is usually treated with Vitamin C supplements, however individuals can also be refered to a specialist depending on the cause. Individuals can be refered to specialists such as:
- A Dietician
- A Social Worker
- A Gastroenterologist
- A Psychologist.
Scurvy can be prevented with a well balanced diet, that contains plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables. This ensures that the body has enough Vitamin C at all times.