The Big 3

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David Lloyd George

David Lloyd George - Prime Minister of Britain

  • he was a realist, experience meant he knew there would need to be copromise.

Aims at the Paris Peace Conference

  • wanted Germany punished but not harshly.
  • wanted them to lose navy and colonies....
  • like Wilson, didn't want them to seek revenge and start another war.
  • keen for Germany and Britain to trade again.
  • had problems with public pressures, only won 1918 elections cause he said he'd make Germany pay.
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Georges Clemenceau

Prime Minister of France

  • experience politian, very tough and unwelcoming to compromise.
  • wanted Germany treated harshly due to them invading his country, looked for repayment of reperations.

Aims at The Paris Peace Conference

  • suffered damage to land, industry, people and selfconfidence.
  • 2/3 of soldiers killed or injured.
  • they had felt threatened by Germany's increasing power since 1870. German land and industry wasn't very damaged.
  • French population was in decline to Germany's (France-40 million & Germany-75 million)
  • he saw an opportunity to cripple Germany so they wouldnt attack again.
  • wanted Germany broken into smaller states.
  • Britain and France didn't agreee.
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Woodrow Wilson

President of U.S.A

  • an idealist.
  • campaigned again corruption in politics abd business.

Aims at The Paris Peace Conference

  • wanted to build a better & more peaceful world.
  • thought Germany should be punished but not too harsly, because they would recover and want revenge.
  • main aim was to streghten democracy in the defeated nation.
  • In January 1918 he published his Fourteen Points to achieve co-operation.
  • he wanted the LON to be set up
  • believed in self-determination
  • he was technically 'all talk', he wanted all this but he didn't know a lot about the countries in Europe and his ideas were very impractical.
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Woodrow Wilson's "Fourteen Points"

1. No secret treaties: they had caused WW1

2. Free access to the seas in peacetime or wartime: stop countries fighting to gain a coast

3. Free trade between countries: create more jobs - more money

4. All countries to work torwards disarmament: avoid unecessary wars starting

5. Colonies to have a say in their own future: countries will have own people ruling them

6. German troops to leave Russia: Russia to have freedom

7. Independance for Belgium: so its left as it was

8. France to regain Alsace-Lorraine: make the French happy

9. Frontier between Austria abd Italy to be adjusted: helps Italy cause they are allies

10. Self determination for all peoples of eastern Europe: Europeans to have their own say

11. Serbia to have access to the Sea: Serbia able to trade

12. Self-determination for the people in the Turkisk Empire: they would have their own say

13. Poland to become an independent state with access to the sea: more freedom

14. League of Nations to be set up: help create world peace

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