- About Winter
- thrush shows hope in darkness
- they know and sense something that the humans do not
- Heavy description of ghostly colours
- written at turn of the century
- Written in cross-ryhme
- symbolic of change
'coppice gate' = entering new century = new beginning = symbolic of change
'Frost was spectre-gray' = personification of Frost = Jack Frost (ghostly image) = something that is feared
'Winters dregs made desolate' = personification of winter
'weakening eye of day' = metaphorical for sun setting = end of day, now in darkness
'tangled bime-stems scored the sky' = hushed sound created by sibilance
- in summer turns into honey suckle - contrasting
'like strings of broken lyres' = simile = relates music to nature
'mankind that haunted nigh'
- haunting the day - contrast with pretty day
'household fires' =no one wants to come outside
'century's corpse' = image of death throughout
- end of century
- compares land to corpse
'his crypt the cloudy canopy'
- cloud like a crypt
- express sorrow
'fervourless as I'
- doesn't have feeling
Contrasts lifeless landscape with joyful sound
- focus on birdsong
'joy illimited' = unstoppable joy
'aged thrush, frail, gaunt and small'
- joyful but weak creates contrast
- not pretty to see but stunning to hear
'fling his soul'
- shows his energy in all of this
'growing gloom' = alliteration and contrast
- thrush fighting the glow
there is something beyond material things that can bring us joy and hope
- the bird know this but we did not
- emphasises his importance by using a capital letter
'some blessed hope that Hope, whereof he knew and I was unaware'
- the bird knows better than Hardy
- capitilisation of hope highlights again its importance