Cystic fibrosis introduction

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What is CF?

Cystic fibrosis is a recessive genetic disorder caused by a faulty allele in which the lungs and digestive system become clogged with thick sticky mucus. It is a condition caused by a mutation in the DNA, specifically a mutation in a gene called CFTR.

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Symptoms of CF

Mucas builds up in the pancreas which may cause diabetes and dietary problems as their body only takes in 1/2-3/4 of what they eat which means the body will starve no matter how much they eat meaning they are encouraged to eat double the amount of recommended calories. 

Women with CF experience irregular periods and do not produce healthy eggs. Men with CF experience infertility as their sperm ducts become blocked with mucas. 

People with CF experience fatiguee because breathing and digestion are difficult and so they use their enzymes maintaining normal bodily function. 

People with CF suffer from lung problems because mucas is used in the lungs to remove bacteria and keep lungs healthy however in CF lungs the mucas is much thicker which blocks the airways causing lung problems and illness as the bacteria is not removed and severa coughing is also experienced. 

Babies can experience blocked bowels because of a thick black material meaning they can't go to the toilet. The liver can also become blocked. 

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Daily physiotherapy which involves massage to loosen mucas

Antibiotics which treat and control lung infections which prevents lung damage however they can kill good bacteria and also bacteria can become resistant. 

Special inhalants which help to clear airways

If CF is severe sometimes organ transplants may be needed. 

Enzyme pills to supply missing enzymes and to allow digestion. 

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