Cross-Cultural Policies

  • Created by: ash8642
  • Created on: 19-05-19 12:48

China's One-Child Policy

  • Result of rapid population growth in China
  • Those who complied with the policy received extra benefits
    • Free child healthcare
    • Priority education
  • Those who didn't comply had to give back allowances and pay fines
  • Workplace Family Planning Committee
    • Had to seek permission to get pregnant
    • Workplaces had quotas and waiting lists of those wanting to be/were pregnant
  • Prevented 400 million births between 1979 and 2013
  • Lifted countless families out of poverty
  • Strict limits led to forced and underground abortions/sertilisation
  • Gender ratio = 118 boys:100 girls
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Russia's Family Abolishment Policy

  • Followed the Russian Revolution in 1917
  • Eradicated traditional and patriarchal families
  • Divorce and abortion was made easier
  • Women entered paid employment
    • State provided communial nurseries
  • 'U-turned' during period of war and famine
    • Returned to traditional family structures for solidarity in economy
    • Divorce laws tightened
    • More children had = higher family allowance
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Romania's Multiple-Child Policy

  • Decline in population in 1980s
  • Restriction of contraception and abortion
  • More stringent divorce laws
  • Legal age of marriage lowered to 15
  • Unmarried and childless couples had to pay an extra 5% income tax
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Nazi Germany's Pure Family Policy

  • 1930s = opted for two-fold family policy
    • 'Racially Pure' families
      • Bred the master race
    • Mass cull of 'racially impure' families
  • Women removed from work and confined to 'kitchen, children, church'
  • 375,000 disabled persons were sterilised
    • Ground of 'unfit' to breed
  • Awards given out to those with high numbers of children
    • E.g gold award for those with 8 children
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Policies to Encourage Population Growth

Russia - 2007

  • Children born on the National Day could win refrigerators, money, etc (when given birth to, not every birthday)

South Korea - 2010

  • Total fertility rate = 1.2
  • Governement turns of lights in all offices by 7pm on the 3rd Wednesday of every month
    • 'Family Day'

Singapore

  • Spends $1.3 billion annully to convince citizens to "get busy"
  • Offering $15,000 parental packages for each child
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Australia Legalises Gay Marriage

  • 26th nation to legalise gay marriage
  • 61.6% backed the legislation
    • 38.4% opposed
  • Hoped to be legalised before Christmas 2017
  • Yes vote ranged from 57.8% to 74% across 6 states
  • Homosexual activity fully legalised in 1997
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