Criticisms Luther presented to the Church 1517-1525

Acrostic: C.A.R.P.E.T.S.

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  • Created by: Claire
  • Created on: 30-04-13 19:45

C.A.R.P.E.T.S.

Celibacy:

  • All the clergy must be celibate - compulsory!
  • Albert of Mainz
  • Not celibate members of the clergy were only fined without splitting them up
  • Luther argued it seemed the Church only had rules to be broken so money could be made - he said priests should marry if it removes sexual temptation

Authority of Pope:

  • Luther called the Pope the Antichrist in a letter - 1518
  • Pope is Antichrist vs Father of the Church
  • 'Papacy at Rome' 18th December 1518

Rituals and Relics:

  • Relics of Saints were often frauds eg forearm of Saint Andrew was accused of being a pigs bone - many were fooled & laity were content with what the Church provided
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C.A.R.P.E.T.S.

Purgatory:

  • Most were predicted to end up in purgatory because it's impossible to live sin free lives
  • Catholic church taught that to reduce time in purgatory, you could confess, penance, attend mass or do 'good works' such as indulgences
  • Not many objected to indulgences because they thought they were helping themselves, however Luther did object

Excommunication:

  • Exclusion from Eucharist and in effect the expulsion from the Church
  • 'Ensurge Domine' - bull issued to Luther to excommunicate him - 1520
  • Luther burnt Papal Bull to show his view upon the Church - 10th December 1520

Transubstantiation:

  • Transubstantiation vs Luther's idea of consubstantiation (he thought transubstantiation was cannibalism)
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C.A.R.P.E.T.S.

  • Luther used the theory of iron - when fire applies to iron, it is still iron, as bread is still bread
  • Consubstantiation involves the possibility of more than one 'element' being present in an object
  • He thought both the laity and clergy should take bread & wine, not just priests with wine

Sarcraments:

  • 'Babylonian Captivity of the Church' - 1520 - Luther said only 3 sarcraments: baptism, eucharist and penance (though later he discarded penance)
  • He found no basis in scriptures for the other 4 sarcraments
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C.A.R.P.E.T.S.

  • Luther used the theory of iron - when fire applies to iron, it is still iron, as bread is still bread
  • Consubstantiation involves the possibility of more than one 'element' being present in an object
  • He thought both the laity and clergy should take bread & wine, not just priests with wine

Sarcraments:

  • 'Babylonian Captivity of the Church' - 1520 - Luther said only 3 sarcraments: baptism, eucharist and penance (though later he discarded penance)
  • He found no basis in scriptures for the other 4 sarcraments
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