Life imprisonment, parole and early release
Prisoner released without completing sentence; they've been good and accepted guilt. Prisoner monitored to ensure not re-offending.
Applications must be made. If released - report to parole officer.
Prison sentence; theoretically keeps people in prison until death.
Av. life sentence: 15 years (before criminal can apply for parole). Judge can set a longer sentence if necessary.
Prospect of release gives hope to prisoners - deters bad psychological impact.
Victims and public may not be happy that a convicted murderer is released from prison.
Allowed out of prison even if they haven't completed their sentence or fulfilled criteria for parole.
Those regarded as a low risk to society - relieve overcrowding of prison.
Person given early release if demonstrated good behaviour, repented etc.
Gives offender second chance.
Victims might feel decision unfair; re-offending possibilities.
Religious believers believe necessary.
Eg. Prison Reform Trust - campaigning on improving conditions for prisoners
Concern: Overcrowded prisons do not help reformation. Prisons should be reserved for worst offenders rather than for people committing relatively minor offences.
Disagreement: Prisons would become like holiday camps; no longer be a deterrent to crime.
Most prisoners reoffending when released instead of reforming.
Hindus encourage education and meditation in prisons: way of repairing minds of lawbreakers.
Forms of Punishment 1
Unpaid work that an offender performs as a type of punishment for the benefit of the community rather than going to prison.
Used as punishment for: driving whilst disqualified, non-payment of fines, antisocial behaviour etc.
Aim: changing offenders behaviour; making amends to the community.
Sometimes offender given curfew.
Opposition: some see as soft option - criminal may continue to break law whilst doing service.
For: allows offender to keep day job, less contact with other criminals, greater success rate in reforming.
An offender wears electronic device which tracks their movement to ensure restrictions of movement kept.
For: Much cheaper than prison; only 2% of offenders committed more crimes while tagged.
Money paid as a punishment for a crime or other offence.
Eg. parking tickets and speeding.
Forms of Punishment 2
Alternate to prison - offender frequently meets with probation officer to ensure they don't reoffend. Movement may be restricted
For: probation officer gives advice, helps offender obey the law, offender can keep job