Crime and Deviance - Functionalist Theory

Flashcard type cards for Durkheim and Merton

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Durkheim

Inevitable

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  • Means that crime will always exist
  • It can be reduced but never eliminated
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Durkheim

Universal

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Durkheim

  • Means that crime exists in every society
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Durkheim

Relative

 

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Durkheim

  • Means that what is seen as criminal behaviour varies from society to society and over time
  • Crime is a social construct
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Durkheim

Functional

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Durkheim

  • A limited amount of crime and deviance can actually benifit a society
  • Positive deviants move society forward
  • Negative deviants punishment reinforces norms and values
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Merton

Conformity

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Merton

This is the response of the majority. it means going to school, gaining qualifications and trying to acheive the American dream by working your way up the career ladder.

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Merton

Innovation

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Merton

Can take legal and illegal forms. In its illegal form it is the most important criminal response. It means trying to acheive the American dream through crime that involves making a financial profit, i.e bank robbery

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Merton

Ritualism

 

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Merton

This is a deviant response but not a criminal response. It is when you give up on the American dream.

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Merton

Retreatism

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Merton

This is when you give up on the American dream and turn to drink or drugs. This is a deviant and sometimes a criminal response.

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Merton

Rebellion

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Merton

This is when you want to replace the American dream. i.e. terrorism.

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