Gender and crime
Pollack (1950) argue police and courts treat women more favourably so women able to get away with more.
Heidensohn suggested there are 4 main reasons why males dominate research in crime and deviance:
1. Male dominance of offenders
2. Male domination of sociology
3. Vicarious identification
4. Sociological theorising
· Biological Explanations:
Definition: Starts from the belief that women are innately different from men. Women have a natural desire to be caring and nurturing.
Dalton (1964) explains that hormonal and menstrual factors can influence women to commit crime certain circumstances.
· Sex - Role Theory
Definition: Argues women are less likely to commit crime because the core elements of the female role- limit this, such as socialisation.
Talcott Parsons 1937 argues that as most child rearing is carried out by mothers- girls have a clear role model to follow emphasises caring and support