Crime and globalisation

Crime and globalisation key concepts

Globalisation refers to; the growing interconnectedness of countries across the world

this could be the result of the internet, air travel, and the mass media.

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Castells

Castells identified the following international crimes;

1. the international illegal drug trade

2. Human trafficking

3. Arms trafficking

4. Cybercrime

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The international illegal drug trade

This is a top crime in terms of value

Drugs in the form of opium from poppy seeds are grown in Afghanistan.

Drugs crime is also responsible for theft ; drug addicts commit crime in order to pay for their habit.

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Human trafficking

involves the illegal movement of people including women and children for prostitution and forced labour, and the illigal removal of organs used for transplants

there is also a large trade of illegal immigrants

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Arms trafficking

often utalised by terrorists

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Cybercrime

involves a wide range of criminal acts that are largely commited on the internet

terrorist networks are frequently established with the use of the web

examples of cybercrime ;

fraud/ credit card scams

there is also a trade of *********** and paedophilia

terrorists use the internet to purchase illegal weapons

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The increase of 'risk' (Beck)

Globalisation increases our awareness of risks associated with it.

For example, Western countries fear mass immirgration but this could be to do with the media causing a moral panic

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Globalisation, capitalism and crime

Taylor(1997) globalisation has lead to greater inequality and rising crime

1. many companies have switched manufacturing to low wage countries producing job insecurity unemployment and poverty

lack of job oppurtunities lead to crime as it encourages people to look for illegitimate ways of gaining back self respect

2. Oppurtunities; globalisation allows oppurtunities such as inside tradingf and the funds around the globe to avoid tax

3. Globalisation has lead to increased levels of 'flexible' workers often working illiegally or paid minimum wage, sweatshop workers

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Increasing insecurities (Winlow)

Winlow examined the landscape in Sunderland and found a decline in heavy, manual labour

this lead to decrease in male full time employment ; the impact of globalisation was felt

this lead to higher levels of crimnial behaviour. men sought work as doormen and became involved in drug dealing

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