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  • Created by: 09whita1
  • Created on: 18-03-16 11:02


A department of the legal system for England and Wales which is primarily responsible for prosecuting defendants who have been charged with a criminal offence.

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PACE 1984

 The Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 is a piece of legislation that provides the legal framework for the execution of police powers as well as the safeguards around things like stop and search, search of premises etc.

This consists of sections and codes of practice for different police powers and safeguards.

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A term in law which refers to the 'Guilty Act' committed by a charged suspect.

Prosecutors must be satisfied that both Actus Reus and Mens Rea are present in the defendant before a guilty verdict can be given.

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A term used in law to describe the intent present in a defendant known as a 'Guilty Mind'.

Prosecutors must be satisfied that both Actus Reus and Mens Rea are present in a charged defendant before a guilty verdict can be given.

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Minor and less serious offences which are usually dealt with at a Magistrates' Court.

Generally, these are offences which are not punishable by prison sentences.

E.G. Traffic offences etc. 

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These are typically more serious offences such as murder and ****, they will most likely be tried in a Crown Court.

Quite often these offences can receive a prison sentence or other serious penalty.

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An act committed by a member of the public which violates the laws of their country or state.

A crime is punishable by law and is usually examined in a court of law, depending upon the seriousness of the offence.

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A theory designed to try and answer the question of what type of people commit crime.

This theory suggests that women do commit crime in the same way men do, but that a law enforcement officer is more likely to be lenient with a woman out of gentlemanliness.

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These theories outline crime and deviance as a means of social control implemented by the ruling class (upper class).

It states that so-called 'white collar crimes' committed by the rich in society are less likely to receive the same level of punishment as crimes committed by the less well off in society such as burglary.

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