Gender Roles

What we expect from men and women within the family unit

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Instrumental role

(Men breadwinner) achieving success at work and providing financial support to the family

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Expressive role

(Women home maker) the caring role of the home who does the domestic tasks

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Segregated conjugal role

Man and woman have different role and spend leisure time apart

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Integrated conjugal role

Both do unpaid and paid work and spend most of their leisure time together

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March of progress

The assumption that there has been a move from segregated to integrated conjugal role

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Men are dominant over women

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Dual burden

Doing both paid and unpaid work

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Having the same rights, opportunities and expectations

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Dual earner

Both patners go out to work and earn money

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Emotional work

Work such as childcare, for example looking after a sick child

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Division of labour

The roles of men and women in the home

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Gender scripts

The social construction of gender, how the genders should behave and how they should appear.

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Both partners are able to financially contribute to the pot and therefore have more equal decision making

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Allowence systems

Men may give women a certain amount of money for her to spend and budget within the family unit

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Domestic violence

(Womens aid federation 2008) physical, physiological, sexual, and financial violence that takes place within a family, that forms patterns of coercive and controlling behavior

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Parsons gender roles

Expressive and instrumental role. 
Supported by Charles Murray

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Bott (1975)

Segregated and joint conjugal role

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Willmott and young (1973)

(Bethnal Green) slowly moving towards a more equal family. Joint conjugal roles becoming more popular, and the families becoming more symetrical

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Mary Boulton (1983)

Fewer than 20% of husbands had a role in childcare

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Man-yee-kan (2001)

Employment reduced female domestic tasks by 2 hours a week

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Gershuny (1994)

Equality is passed down by parents

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Suilivan (2001)

Analyse data through 75,87,97 found it trends that moving towards greater equality

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Ferri and smith

Provides evidence of the dual, they found that the father took the responsibility of child care in less than 4% of households

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Emotional work: sick chikdren, handle the families adjustment

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Gender scripts

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Ann Oakley

Criticised willmott and young and found that although men did some housework, there wasn't a move towards symmetry

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Warde and Hetherington

Sex typing domestic tasks remained strong e.g. women were 30 times more likely to do the washing up and men 4 times more likely to wash the car.

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Gaurdian housework gender equality

8/10 do more housework
1/10 men do equal
13% men do more
50% do 13+ hours per week

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Barrett & Mcintosh

Men gain more from womens domestic work than give back financially. Financial support husbands give is unpredictable. Men make more decision making about spending on important items

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Graham 1984

Women on benefits are better off

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Pahl and volger

Pooling where both partners access income and joint responsibilities for expenditure. Allowence systems men giving wives allowence out of which have to budget and men get the surplus income

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Kempston 1994

Women sacrificed their needs in order to accommodate the needs of their family

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In dual career professional couples, men still made the important decision whet made by men and the man's career took higher importance

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Women lives tends to be structured by men

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Dobash and dobash

Found that men are more likely to get violent if there authority is challenged

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On average a women will expereince 35 assaults before reporting it

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