Intro to cosmological argument
Comes from the Greek word cosmos meaning world/universe
It is inductive (premises true within the statement) and a posteriori theory that tries to prove God's existence of creating the cosmos.
Aquinas' 5 ways
1st way- all things are in motion and nothing can move itself. There must be a mover that causes this motion= the unmoved mover is God
2nd way- Nothing causes itself, there needs to be a first cause of the universe= the uncaused causer is God
3rd way- the universe is contingent (existing only) only a necessary being has the power to bring it into existence. All things are contingent and do not need to be. God is a necessary being.
Kalam argument in Islam
Whatever comes into being must have a cause. The universe comes into being. The universe must have a cause. Personal intelligent agency to choose that universe must exist- this personal intelligent agency must be God.
The simplest explanation is usually the best
Therefore God ultimately is the simplest explanation
Easier to believe in the simplest explanation that the universe just is. So it is just created by God.