coronary heart disease

coronary heart disease

  • Chd in the Uk is a major health problem and one of the major causes of death
  • Chd is linked to the amount of fat in the diet
  • A diet high in saturated fats is also likely to be high in cholesterol
  • Cholesterol is a substance made in the liver and carried in the blood stream
  • Cholesterol can build up and be deposited with other material as 'plaque' on the walls of the arteries
  • Blocked arteries can cause a person to have a heart attack which, if severe, can cause death
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cardiovascular disease

Cardiovascular disease is a term used to describe all different diseases of the heart and circulatory system.

Blood flow to the heart, brain or body is reduced because of a blood clot or narrowing of the arteries.

Coronary heart disease is one of the main types of cardiovascular disease

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Factors which contribute to risk of heart disease

  • Obesity
  • Low levels of exercise
  • Smoking
  • Raised level of cholesterol
  • Family history of heart disease
  • High blood pressure
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How to reduce the risk of coronary heart disease

  • Eat a varied diet 
  • Eat more fruits and vegetables
  • Eat more starchy carbohydrates
  • Regularly exercise
  • Do not smoke
  • Have fish instead of meat
  • Use mono saturated and polyunsaturated fats
  • Cut back on the fat in your diet and cooking 
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obesity

The main cause of obesity is eating more food than the body requires, so that excess energy is stored as fat. Being overweight is unhealthy; as it puts a strain on the organs of the body and it can cause:

  • Heart disease/high blood pressure 
  • Diabetes
  • Breathlessness/chest infections
  • Unhappiness/low self-esteem/depression
  • Varicose veins
  • Osteoarthritis
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How to reduce the risk of high blood pressure

  • Eat at least five portions of fruit and veg a day
  • Eat a varied diet
  • Reduce your fat intake
  • Eat more starchy carbohydrates
  • Consume mono and polyunsaturated fats
  • Reduce your salt intake
  • Eat at least two portions of fish a week
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Diabetes

Diabetes is a medical condition where the glucose in the bloodstream is not balanced correctly

  • Glucose is carried in the blood to all body cells to supply them with energy
  • Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, controls the amount of glucose in the blood stream and stops it getting too high

Meals for diabetics should follow the eat well guide and include high- fibre, starchy carbohydrate foods such as potatoes, rice and pasta, but should be low in sugar and sweet foods

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Types of diabetes

Type 1

This is usually diagnosed in children and is caused by the pancreas not producing enough insulin

Type 2

This is usually diagnosed in older people, although there are younger people being diagnosed with this due to a poor diet

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Factors which contribute to the risk of diabetes

  • Being over-weight or obese
  • Having high blood pressure 
  • Eating fatty, salty, sugary food 
  • Not being physically active
  • Getting older
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Diverticulitis

  • A condition which affects the large intestine
  • It is often linked to having a diet low in fibre (non-starch polysaccharide or NSP)
  • The lining of the bowel becomes inflamed, infected and damaged.

Symptoms

  • Pain and discomfort in the abdomen
  • feeling bloated
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