Contraception

These cards discuss the contraception methods which are available through chemists and doctors.

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  • Created by: Ellen
  • Created on: 16-06-09 12:56

Male Condom

Method: Male Condom

% Effective: 98%

For: Men

How it works: Sperm are prevented from entering the ******.

Advantages: Free from family planning clinics.

  • Widely available in chemists, supermarkets, clubs, etc.
  • Protects both partners from STI's. (including AIDS)

Disadvantages: It may split, be damaged or slip off.

  • It MUST be put correctly onto an erect penis.
  • Putting it on can interupt sexual intercourse.
  • The man must withdraw quickly after intercourse.
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Female Condom (Femidom)

Method: Female Condom or Femidom

% Effective: 95%

For: Women

How it works: Sperm are prevented from entering the ******.

Advantages:

  • Protects both partners from STI's. (including AIDS)

Disadvantages:

  • It is expensive to buy.
  • The penis MUST be placed to enter the condom andNOT positioned between the condom and the ******.
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Diaphragm (Cap) with Spermicide

Method: Diaphragm with Spermicide

% Effective: 92-96%

For: Women

How it works: Prevents sperm meeting an egg by providing a barrier. Sperm are made inactive by the spermacide.

Advantages:

  • No health risks from side affects.
  • A wide variety to choose from.

Disadvantages:

  • MUST stay in place 6hrs after intercourse.
  • MUST be fitted by a GP and checked every 12 months for size.
  • Bladder infections may be a side affect.
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I.U.D (Intrauterine Device)

Method: I.U.D (Intrauterine Device)

% Effective: 98-99%

For: Women

How it works: Prevents implantation of a fertilised egg.

Advantages:

  • Works immediately once fitted.
  • Can remain in place for a long time (3-10yrs)

Disadvantages:

  • May cause heavier, longer or more painful periods.
  • Not suitable for all women.
  • MUST be inserted by a doctor.
  • Sometimes comes out.
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I.U.S (Intrauterine System)

Method: I.U.S (Intrauterine System)

% Effective: 99%+

For: Women

How it works: Progestrogen is slowly released preventing sperm from meeting an egg.

Advantages:

  • Works immediately once inserted.
  • Prevents pregnancy for 5yrs.
  • Periods are lighter and shorter.

Disadvantages:

  • Irregular and light bleeding is possible in the first three months.
  • MUST be inserted by a doctor.
  • Acne and tender breasts are possible side affects.
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Combined Pill

Method: Combined Pill (contains progestrogen and oestrogen)

% Effective: 100%

For: Women

How it works: Prevents ovaries from producing eggs.

Advantages:

  • Easily taken orally.

Disadvantages:

  • Vomiting, diarrhoea and antibiotics make it unreliable.
  • If taken 12 hours late it becomes unreliable.
  • MUST be prescribed by a doctor.
  • Best avoided by women who smoke.
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Mini-Pill

Method: Mini-Pill (contains progestrogen only)

% Effective: 99%

For: Women

How it works: Makes it difficult for sperm to enter the unterus and/or implantation of fertilised ovum..

Advantages:

  • Easily taken orally.
  • Can relieve PMT and painful periods.

Disadvantages:

  • If taken more than 3hrs late it becomes unreliable.
  • Vomiting and diarrhoea makes it become unreliable.
  • Must be prescribed by a doctor.
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Contraceptive Implant

Method: Contraceptive Implant (slow release progestrogen)

% Effective: 99%

For: Women

How it works: Prevents egg and sperm meeting and/or implantation.

Advantages:

  • Effective for up to 3yrs.
  • Fertility returns immediately when implant is removed.

Disadvantages:

  • Can be difficult to remove.
  • Side effects include excessive or irregular bleeding.
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Contraceptive Injection

Method: Contraceptive Injection

% Effective: 99%

For: Women

How it works: Makes it difficult for sperm to enter the uterus and for fertilised egg to implant.

Advantages:

  • Effective for 2-3 months.

Disadvantages:

  • Possible side effects include irregular bleeding.
  • There is no antidote if the woman changes her mind.
  • MUST be given by a doctor.
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