- Created by: maxread
- Created on: 08-03-19 11:26
why did nazi want 1 party state?
- view other parties as 'election machines'
- represented sectional interests not national (coalitions of wiemar as example)
- volksgemeinschaft- want all germans united thus divided by parties
How was 1 party state achieved?
- KPD- in effectivley banned after Reichstag fire 1933 27th feb
- SPD- banned June 1933 as 'hostile to nation and state', oppposed enbaling act
- DNVP+Centre- dissolved in 1933 as realise days are umbered
Law against formation of new partiees 14th July 1933
Law of no parties?
Law against formation of new parties
no non nazi parties allowed
local governemnt pre nazi?
- federal state
- large powers givne to local authorities (e.g. police)
wants centralised power, thus wants to reduce state control
laws passed to centralise?
- March 1933- first law for coordination of federal states
- dissolved state assemblies
- replaced with nazi dominated assemblies
- 2nd law for cofs- april 1933
- created reich govener post
- accountable directly to minister of interior (central)
- RG ensured policies layed down by central governmetn implemented locally
- January 1934- law for reconstruciton of reich
- state assemblies abolished
- governments of states subbordinated to central
- RG kept but now redunadant
feb34 - reichstrat abolished
what was a gauliter?
local nazi leader at regional/state level
many became reich govener
used vioence to oust rivals locally
civil service pre nazi?
- aristocratic and authoritarian
- supported hitler as authoriarian (hated WR democracy)
- beleived conservatives in hitler cabinet keep him at bay (papen etc)
- wanted to remain largely independant
nazi actions to cs?
wanted to get control over as a obstacle to dicatorial powers
- forced local oficials to resign, replaced with nazis
- - SA palced offical in gov offices to ensure compliance
SA pre June 1934?
- Jan 1933 election used as terror to scare voters into voting for nazi
- Feb 1933- merge with stallhelm and auxiallary police status
- feb to june- eliminate opposition and herlp establish control
large and unruly
largely act independantly of hitler as so big and hard to control
SA wants ?
- rohm wants to absorb and replace regular army with SA
army reaction to second revolution?
- 4.5 million memebrs by jan 1934, outnumbering army
- won't support hitler to suceed hindenberg unless SA dealt with
hitler need for sa june 1934?
- dictatorial powers achieved (enbling act , single party dtsate)
- glietchshutiung completed
- no longer require
Actions to SA 1933 onwards?
- August 33 lose auxillary police status
- june 1934 notlk
Rohm on hitler
' adolf is a swine'
'getting matey with the generals'
'they're his cronies now'
hitler need for army?
- only institution that can still remove him]
- loyal to president, thus need to secure support to suceed hindenberg
- SA begin stopping army convoys and consficating werapons
- fear hindenberg would use army to overthrow hitler
- 30th june 1934
- ** elimante sa leaders and political opponents
- 84+ executed
- 1000+ arrested
- Rohm , General Schleicher, Von Kahr (munih putsch) killed
effect of notlk?
army support hitler as succesor as no longer fear SA
- Public= see hitler as decisive, contrast to WR
- SA= lose influence wiht rohm, fall to 1.6m in 1935
- **= replace SA for terror, more orgnised
hitler pre hindenberg death?
- army loyal to president , not in command
- power not absolute (enabling act expires after 4 yearsthen need hindenberg or reichstag)
hindenberg death amd succesion?
died 2nd august 1934
- army did not object to hitler succcesion
- merged chancellorship and preesidency
- army swear allegience
- aug 1934
- seal of approval from german poeple to accept hitler
- for 89.1%
- displays many still dislike hitler