Rio Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
Aim: To develop international strategies on the conservation of biodiversity and how to use animal and plant resources in a sustainable way.
This convention has made it part of everybody's responsibility to conserve biodiversity.
It also provides guidance to govenments on how to conserve biodiversity.
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Sp
- To increase international cooperation in regulating trade in wild animal and plant specimens.
- To help conserve species by limiting trade through licensing, mkaing it illegal to trade in products made from endangered animals (e.g. rhino ivory and leopard skins)
- To raise awareness of threats to biodiveristy through education.
The members have made it illegal to kill endangered species.
The Countryside Stewardship Scheme (CSS)
(Some of the)Aim(s):
- To conserve wildlife and biodiversity
- To improve and extend wildlife habitats by promoting specific management techniques to landowners.
Government offered a 10-year agreement to pay landowners who followed the management techniques that were suggested. For example
- Regenerating hedgerows
- Leave grassy margins around the edges of fields where wildflowers could grow
- Graze upland areas to keep down bracken (plant)
In 2000, there were 10,000 agreements in England
Since the introduction of the scheme, various species have begun to rebuild in numbers. For example (birds)
- Stone Curlew
- Black Grouse