Home Networking and Communication Protocols

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Home Networks

Allows users to share an internet connection

Local Area Network (LAN)

- Shares internet

- Shares and backs up files

- Shares peripherals (Printers)

- Internet telephone services 

Router: Connects all computers to a modem and gives an internal IP address

You need a Network Interface Card (NIC) to connect computers to a network

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Network Security

- Change the default admin password

- Set up a form of Encryption

- Set up MAC address filtering

- Stop the router broadcasting itself (its SSID)

- Turn off the router when not in use

- Reduce transmitting power

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Bandwidth and Latency

Bandwidth: The numbers of bits that can go through the network conection in 1 second. (High Bandwidth is good)

Latency: The time in milliseconds between a bit leaving one device and arriving at another. (Low Latency is good)

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Wifi and Mobile Broadband


- Good range

- High Speed (54 Mbps)

- Widely available

- Hackers can set up fake WiFi hotspots

- Cant use if in not range of an access point

Mobile Broadband

- Greater Coverage than WiFi

- More secure - data is encrypted

- Have to pay for broadband and roaming charges

- Downloads limited

- Lower bandwidth than WiFi

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Peer to Peer Networks

WiFi Direct

- Allows users to set up peer-to-peer networks with a Wireless Access Point

- Allows devices to use an access point for normal WiFi use


- Allows devices to communicate automatically when in range

- Can connect up to 8 devices at once

- Low power so doesn't interfere with other devices

- Lower Bandwidth and Range than WiFi direct

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Communication Protocol

VoIP: Voice Over Internet Porocol

POP3, IMAP, and SMTP are used when sending or recieving emails

POP3: Post Office Protocol, email is downloaded to computer and deleted from server and can be read offline

IMAP: Internet Message Access Protocol, Email is read on the server and is not deleted from the server so can be read anywhere using the internet

SMTP: Simple Mail Transfer Protocol, used when the email is sent from the email client (Outlook), to the senders email server and when the email is delievered to the recipients server.

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Security Risks

Prevent remote access using a firewall. 
Firewalls: software which permits or blocks connections between computers according to rules you have set.

Some Malware works by shutting down the fairwall.


- Install AntiVirus

- Run regular scans

- Only download from trusted websites

- Only open email attachments from recognised senders

- Use Encryption

Stop illegal access by setting up a username and password on your network

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Preventing Security Risks

- Lock computer

- Chains and Locks

- RFID chips

- Instal Burgular Alarms


- Require people entering building to authenticate identity

- Issue Swipe Cards

- Fit Blinds

- Use Biometrics

- Fits doors with security keypads

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