Some key terms
CR (Conjugal Roles) played by a married couple in home.
NF (nuclear family) - husband, wife, children - in NF roles between husband+wife segregated by tradition.
DDOL (Domestic division of labour) - Roles that men + women play relating to Childcare, housework and paid work.
Parsons (1955) FUNCTIONALIST
- INSTRUMENTAL role - Man FINANCIAL PROVIDER / / SUCCESS @ WORK
- EXPRESSIVE role - Wife PRIMARY SOCIALISATION / / EMOTIONAL NEEDS
'based on biological differences men + women "naturally" suited to these roles. This division of labour is beneficial to both men & women, children & wider society.
Politicians of NR (new right) support Parsons view.
FEMINISTS reject this view. - argue that division of labour was created to justify exploitation of women & benefit men.
March of Progress View
Conjugal roles have changed and are now seen to be equal.
Elizabeth Bott Describes two types of conjugal roles.
Segregated conjugal roles // Close-knit Joint conjugal roles // loose-knit
Wilmott and Young Two studies
1. 1950s segregated roles - working class. Men - breadwinners Women - Full-time housewives 2. 1975 CHANGE!! More towards joint conjugal roles + symmetrical family "72% husbands did housework"
1.The family is a source of inequality
2. Poorly conducted study. One question asked Does your husband help out atleast once a week with any household chores" This could include husband making himself a cup of tea.
Reasons for rise of symmetrical family
- Geographical Mobility People found companionship within their own villages meaning the family was more equal as they had similar jobs and backgrounds.
- Change in woman's position Women went out to work giving them independance.
- Home centredness Home a more pleasant place
- Child centredness Less children but focus of family.
Do we have equal relationships within the family? How can we measure equality?