- Created by: Q_
- Created on: 07-04-19 13:45
BLUE DOG COALITION
- A group of Southern Democrats who are fiscally conservative.
- Formed 1995 in the wake of significant Republican gains.
- Gives a voice to conservative, moderate, centrist Democrats.
- Influential in passing welfare reform (1995-1996).
- Had 37 members in 2003-4, but has now fallen to 18 in 2017-18
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CONGRESSIONAL BLACK CAUCUS
- Formed in 1971 exclusively for African-American members of both houses.
- Had 47 members in 2017-18: 2 Senate Democrats, 44 House Democrats, 1 House Republican.
- It claims to be bipartisan, but only 5 black Republicans have ever joined the CBC.
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CONGRESSIONAL HISPANIC CAUCUS
- Formed in 1976 to support policies that benefit the Hispanic and Latino communities.
- Began as a bipartisan group, but the Republican members left in the late 1990s and formed their own caucus - the Congressional Hispanic Conference.
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HOUSE FREEDOM CAUCUS
- Founded in 2015 as a group of around 40 conservative House Republicans.
- Many also beloned to the Republicans Study Committee, a much larger conservative Republican caucus in the House with over 170 members.
- Closely allied with the Tea Party Movement.
- Members of the caucus were at the centre of the movement to force House Speaker John Boehner to resign in September 2015.
- Paul Ryan announced his willingness to stand as Speaker to replace John Boehner only after the Freedom Cacus officiallly endorsed him.
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THE TUESDAY GROUP
- A group of around 50 moderate House Republicans.
- Founded in 1995 following the Republican takeover of the House and to counter-balance a large number of conservative Republicans who were newly elected to the House in the 1994 midterm elections.
- Its predecessor was called the Wednesday Group, which was founded in the early 1960's.
- Closely allied with another caucus - the Republican Mainstream Partnership - of moderate Republicans drawn from bpoth chambers.
- In 2007, the group set up its own political action committee (PAC) to help members improve their chances of re-election.
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