CONGRESSIONAL CAUCUSES

  • Created by: Q_
  • Created on: 07-04-19 13:45

BLUE DOG COALITION

  • A group of Southern Democrats who are fiscally conservative.
  • Formed 1995 in the wake of significant Republican gains.
  • Gives a voice to conservative, moderate, centrist Democrats.
  • Influential in passing welfare reform (1995-1996).
  • Had 37 members in 2003-4, but has now fallen to 18 in 2017-18
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CONGRESSIONAL BLACK CAUCUS

  • Formed in 1971 exclusively for African-American members of both houses.
  • Had 47 members in 2017-18: 2 Senate Democrats, 44 House Democrats, 1 House Republican.
  • It claims to be bipartisan, but only 5 black Republicans have ever joined the CBC. 
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CONGRESSIONAL HISPANIC CAUCUS

  • Formed in 1976 to support policies that benefit the Hispanic and Latino communities. 
  • Began as a bipartisan group, but the Republican members left in the late 1990s and formed their own caucus - the Congressional Hispanic Conference.
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HOUSE FREEDOM CAUCUS

  • Founded in 2015 as a group of around 40 conservative House Republicans.
  • Many also beloned to the Republicans Study Committee, a much larger conservative Republican caucus in the House with over 170 members.
  • Closely allied with the Tea Party Movement.
  • Members of the caucus were at the centre of the movement to force House Speaker John Boehner to resign in September 2015. 
  • Paul Ryan announced his willingness to stand as Speaker to replace John Boehner only after the Freedom Cacus officiallly endorsed him. 
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THE TUESDAY GROUP

  • A group of around 50 moderate House Republicans.
  • Founded in 1995 following the Republican takeover of the House and to counter-balance a large number of conservative Republicans who were newly elected to the House in the 1994 midterm elections.
  • Its predecessor was called the Wednesday Group, which was founded in the early 1960's.
  • Closely allied with another caucus - the Republican Mainstream Partnership - of moderate Republicans drawn from bpoth chambers. 
  • In 2007, the group set up its own political action committee (PAC) to help members improve their chances of re-election.
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