- Created by: LucyCorlett
- Created on: 28-05-19 19:04
Pre-course Dates and Events
1917- Balfour Declaration: Britain promised that Palestine would become a Jewish state
1923- British Mandate to rule Palestine: Ultimately Palestine would gain independence
1931- Jewish population on Palestine had doubled: Due to the encouragement of the Jewish Agency
1937- Peel Commission recommended the partition of Palestine: Giving room for Arabs and Jews
1946- Attack on the King David Hotel: Heightened tensions between Arabs and Jews
1947- UN vote to partition Palestine (UN Resolution 181): More land was given to Jews (56%) and Jerusalem was to be an International Zone controlled by UN forces.
1947- Civil War in Palestine begins: Arabs were unhappy with the UN partition agreements
Post- War Events
May 14th 1948- Declaration of the new state of Israel: The USA was the first country to recognise them, doing so just 11 minutes after the announcement.
May 15th 1948- The First Arab-Israel War: Israel is invaded by neighbouring Arab countries (Transjordan, Syria, Iraq, Egypt and Lebanon).
1949- Final ceasefire is arranged: End of the First Arab- Israeli War
Nasser and his Egypt
1952- Military coup on Egyptian Monarchy: King Faroukh abdicates
1953- Mossadeq coup in Iran
1954- Gamal Abdel Nasser becomes President of Egypt
1955- Israeli attack on Gaza // Nasser announces Czech arms deal // Baghdad Pact formed: promoted shared political, military and economic goals by Turkey, Iraq, Britain, Pakistan and Iran.
1956- Nationalisation of the Suez Canal: This lead to the Suez Crisis in the same year.
1957- Eisenhower Doctrine: Economic or military aid for Middle Eastern countries faced with aggression
1958- Formation of United Arab Republic (UAR): Egypt and Syria- Ended in 1961
1964- Cairo Conference: Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO) set up
1967- May Crisis led to the third Arab- Israeli War // UN Resolution 242
5th-10th 1967- Six-day War: Israelis come out on top against Egypt, Syria and Jordan
1969- Arafat becomes the leader of the PLO
1969-1970- War of Attrition between Egypt and Israel
1970- DEATH OF NASSER // Sadat becomes President of Egypt
1973- Yom Kippur War (October War)
Egyptian and Israeli Tensions Better
1977- Sadat flies to Israel
1978- Camp David Agreements
1979- Treaty of Washington: Israel and Egypt // Saddam Hussein becomes President of Iraq // Islamic revolution in Iran
1980-88- Iran-Iraq War: Iraq come out on top
The End of the Course
1981- Assassination of Sadat
1982- Israeli invasion of Lebanon
1987- Start of the first Intifada
1990- Iraqi invasion of Kuwait
1991- First Gulf War