- Created by: miniclob15
- Created on: 08-06-18 17:51
The end of French colonial rule
- Before WW2, Vietnam was a French colony - French Indochina - Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia. Vietnam had been occupied by the Japanese during the war.
- The Vietminh, led by Ho Chi Minh, had been fighting for independence. During WW2 they led resistance against the Japanese.
- At the end of WW2, Japan was defeated & left Vietnam. The French re-occupied Vietnam. The Vietminh started to fight against the French
- In 1954, the French were defeated at Dien Bien Phu and withdrew.
- The French had underestimated the strength of the Vietminh who where bolstered by Chinese and Russian military support.
- Ho Chi Minh was a Communist and was supported by China.
Dien Bien Phu & Geneva Agreement, 1954
- At battle of Dien Bien Phu, 8000 French troops were killed, in addition to the 73 000 killed during the previous decade.
- After the battle of Dien Bien Phu in May 1954, Britain, France, China, the USSR, USA and Vietnam all met in Geneva, Switzerland.
- Their task was to decide the future of Vietnam and to reach a settlement for the whole of what had been Indo-China.
- Agreed on withdrawl of French troops, ceasefire and new territorial settlement.
- 17th Parallel created and it was intended that there would be elections across the whole of Vietnam in 1956 to decide on future government.
Opposition to the war - student protests
- One of the most powerful sources of opposition.
- Many young Americans did not want to be in the war which they didn't believe in or thought was morally wrong.
- They had seen media from the front line - especially massacre at My Lai - 1968.
- To the students, Vietnam had become a symbol of defeat, confusion and moral corruption.
- Thousands began to "draft dodge" - refusing to serve in Vietnam when called up.
- Anti-war protests reached their height between 1968 and 70.
Kent State Uni, Ohio, 1970
- Example of a student protest.
- Anti-war demonstrations led to violent clashes with police
- Kent State Uni - students organised a demonstration against President Nixon's decision to invade Cambodia.
- Panicked National Guard troopers opened fire on the demonstrators - four studnets killed and eleven injured.
- Press in USA and abroad were horrified.
- 400 colleges were closed as 2 million students went on strike in protest of the action.