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Causes of Conflict

  • Religion
  • Dictatorships
  • Important resources
  • to gain more land
  • to defend their country against attack
  • nuclear weapons
  • way of life - races, human rights, money
  • discrimination 
  • power
  • alliances
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Just War

A Just War is not the name of a war but a type of war.


  • must be fought by a legal authority
  • must be fair
  • must aim to establish good over evil
  • must seem as if the war will be won without too many deaths
  • must be a last resort (after all negotiations have failed)
  • must try not to involve innocent people
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Terrorism is when groups use violence or the threat, to achieve their aims rather than using a democratic process. Violence is used to create fear.

Causes of Terrorism:

  • Political, social and economic inequality.
  • Economic problems and high unemployment.
  • Religious extremism (strongly held religious views which do not accept any other views as valid.)
  • Ethnic conflict.


  • 'Do not kill'
  • 'Blessed are the peacemakers' - blessed people are peaceful. the best people
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Nuclear War

  • Arms Race - many countries have nuclear weapons e.g. Britain, France, etc.

Nuclear war - a war in which the participants use nuclear weapons. Mass destruction. Everything within a few miles of the bomb would be incinerated. 

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Causes of Crime

  • anger
  • drugs (stealing the money)
  • mentally ill
  • background
  • family
  • parents
  • religious beliefs
  • revenge
  • jealousy
  • money
  • peer-pressure
  • hatred/envy
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Aims of Punishment

  • Reform - people think punishment should be aimed at reform the criminal so they become honest.
  • Protection - many people feel society should be protected from violent criminals, so they a no longer a danger to people.
  • Deterrence - people think punishment should be very severe to stop people from committing crimes.
  • Retribution - many people think punishment should make criminals pay for their crime.
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Types of Punishment

  • points on your license
  • sex offenders list
  • prison
  • probation
  • community service
  • fines
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Capital Punishment


  • it protects civilians and police
  • some 'lifers' are back on the streets in a few years.
  • it puts off potential murders.
  • the law should be based on "an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth."
  • Quote = "anyone who takes the life of a human being is to be put to death." 


  • in the past, the wrong person has been hanged.
  • death penalty is murder
  • society turns the executioner into a murderer.
  • terrorists may be martyrs (heroes to other terrorists)
  • Quote = "I take no pleasure in the death of the wicked, but rather that they turn from their evil ways."
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