Concept of God as Creator

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  • Created by: Chantal
  • Created on: 24-04-13 10:42

Concept of God as Creator

  • Ex Nihilo VS Ex Deo
  • Characteristics of the classical theistic God-
  • Genesis 1
  • Genesis 2
  • Westermann
  • Genesis 3
  • Psalms
  • Judaeo Christian God compared to Greek
  • Job
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  • Two different views-
    • Ex Nihilo= Created out of nothing
    • Ex Deo= Created out of God
  • According to the bible God is responsible for bringing the universe into existence
  • Everything that exists owes its existence to God the universe is seen as set apart from God, God is not ‘nature itself’- God is transcendent over his creation
  • Characteristics of the classical theistic God-
    • Omni benevolent
    • Omniscient
    • Omnipotent
    • Transcendent
    • Immanent
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Genesis 1

  • Written by priests as a poem/ hymn (different verse for each day)
  • Purpose= to display God’s power and counter views put forward by other creation stories- divine commands
  • Similar to the Babylon creation story
  • Liberals believe written when Jewish people held in exile in Babylon to keep up morale however Conservatives suggest written before the exile
  • God is seen as imposing order through effortless creativity
  • God created everything out of nothing (creation ex nihilo)
  • Each day is written using the repeated phrase ‘God said, let there be…and so it was’:
    • Day 1= light and dark
    • Day 3= vegetation
    • Day4= stars and moon
    • Day 6= humans (in the image of God rule and dominate)
  • God is transcendent in Genesis 1
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Genesis 2

  • Continuous prose narrative
  • Unknown who, why, when and where
  • Older myth
  • Suggests the world was set up around people for our use
  • Complements first account- Henry Morris
  • Mythical- Adam= humanity/Eve= life, the serpant
  • God forms man from the dust of the ground and forms Eve out of his rib to accompany him
  • Picture given here of God is anthropomorphic (human characteristics) eg breath
  • 2 trees:
    • Tree of life
    • Tree of knowledge of good and evil
  • Show from the outset humanity was given responsibility to choose whether to live under the authority of God or be more autonomous
  • Both creation myths created to demonstrate God as transcendent and immanent
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  • The creation narratives are vital for the whole relationship between God and humanity
  • Different traditions in different parts of the world seem to share common themes (this is why Christianity’s creation story sounds similar to Babylons)
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Genesis 3

  • The fall
  • Mythical story
  • Serpent is introduced and tempts Eve to eat the fruit from the tree of knowledge (mythical feature)
  • Adam then follows her example
  • Their innocence disappears: they discover they are naked and cover themselves
  • God presented anthropomorphically here as he is ‘walking in the garden’ and Adam and Eve can hear as he moves
  • Adam and Eve try to hide as they feel guilt
  • Pain and struggle for survival first comes into the world
  • Adam names his wife here showing his authority over her
  • God provides animal skins for Adam and eve (cares) expels them from the garden of evil
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  • Continues the idea of God as creator throughout the bible
  • Psalm 8 God and man:
    • As he contemplates the great expanse of the universe the psalmist is overwhelmed by a sense of mans littleness
  • Psalm 19 God’s wonderful creation; his perfect law:
    • The psalmist thought leaps straight from the sun, with all its pervading, searching rays to the law of God- pure and clean, bringing joy and wisdom, instruction and enlightenment to mans heart and to his own
  • Psalm 65 Hymn of thanksgiving:
    • All praise to God who hears and forgives, who blesses and, satisfies and saves. Praise to God the creator and controller of the natural world
  • Psalm 104 to God the great Creator:
    • The psalmist marvels at the grandeur and detail, the perfection and completeness of God’s work in creation
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  • Continues the idea of God as creator
  • Job is a pious (very religious) and righteous man whom has a debate with friends about the problem of evil
  • Author records in poetry
  • Job and friends continue to argue until God intervenes
  • Upon seeing God Job’s faith is restored
  • Job 38-42:
    • ‘God is almighty, far and away above humanity. But he is also near. He hears, and he cares’
  • Job 38+39:
    • ‘where was Job when God made the world, light and darkens, wind and rain, the constellations in their course?’
    • ‘what does Job know about the creatures of the world- the lion, the goat, the wild *** and the ox, the ostrich, the horse, the eagle? Did he make them? Can he feed them; tame them- as God can?’
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Judaeo God Compared to Greek

  • Biblical \god chooses what to make and what not to make but prime mover does not have intentions or make decisions because it’s unchanging
  • God takes action in order to create but prime mover moves things by drawing them towards it
  • God acts, in places, in a way that someone with a body would act but prime mover could not have any bodily form because it’s immaterial
  • God is very much aware of the world but the prime mover knows only of itself and thinks only of itself, completely unaware of physical world
  • Both considered responsible for the world
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