Comparing Approaches

Psychology B

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Biological

Compliments:

Psychodynamic: Inheritence of instincts and evolution of human behaviour.

Cognitive: Cognitive neuropsychology.

Applications:

Gender Development: Testosterone possible biological cause of gender differences.

Mood Disorders: Role of chemicals (Dopamine and Seretonin), Genes, Brain abnormailities (enlarged ventricles), Use of anti psychotic drugs in schizophrenia.


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Behaviourist

Compliments: 

Psychodynamic: Role of early experience.

SLT: Role of reinforcement.

Applications: 

Phobias: Learned through classical conditioning and maintained through negative reinforcement. Operant explains how compulsive acts are learned through reinforcement through fear reduction. 

Mood Disorders: Behavioural treatment for schizophrenia (Token Economy, Allyon and Azrin). Behavioural explanations for depression consider role of reinforcement and punishment.

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Social Learning Theory

Compliments: 

Behaviourist: Learning behaviour and role of reinforcement.

Cognitive: Role of mental processes in learning.

Applications:

Anxiety Disorders: Modelling to treat disorders (showing a model interacting happily with phobic object) Vicarious association made between positive feelings demonstrated and object.

Gender Development: SLT see gender related behaviour as aquired by reinforcement, modelling and imitation.

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Cognitive

Compliments:

Biological: Cognitive Neuropsychology.

SLT: Cognitive factors.

Applications:

Cognition and Law: Knowledge of how menory works has been applied to interviewing witnesses.

Social Cognition: Schemas or Mental frameworks represent info about self, other people and situations. Help to encode new info, focus attention and influence what is remembered and thereofre guide behaviour.

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Psychodynamic

Compliments: 

Behaviourist: Role and quality of experience.

Biological: Inheritance of instincts and evolution of behaviour.

Applications: 

Anxiety Disorders: Behaviour results from unconcious repressed traumatic memories and unresolved childhood conflict.

Social Development: Bowlby's attachment theory sees root of human personality in earliest relationships. Erikson emphasied improtance of mother's social responsiveness in development of secure attachments and basic trust.

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Humanistic

Compliments:

Biological: Innate tendancy to realise one's potential.

Cognitive: Internal conscious experience.

Applications:

Mood Disorders: Depression/Low self-esteem result from low uncondition positive regard and an inability to accept one's self.

Schizophrenia: Cannot directly tackle serious disorders but can be used as supportive therapy (and for relatives). Milieu therapy (a half-way house for chronic institutionalised patients).

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Comments

shadaye

good but you could have done some weaknesses

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