Psychodynamic: Inheritence of instincts and evolution of human behaviour.
Cognitive: Cognitive neuropsychology.
Gender Development: Testosterone possible biological cause of gender differences.
Mood Disorders: Role of chemicals (Dopamine and Seretonin), Genes, Brain abnormailities (enlarged ventricles), Use of anti psychotic drugs in schizophrenia.
Psychodynamic: Role of early experience.
SLT: Role of reinforcement.
Phobias: Learned through classical conditioning and maintained through negative reinforcement. Operant explains how compulsive acts are learned through reinforcement through fear reduction.
Mood Disorders: Behavioural treatment for schizophrenia (Token Economy, Allyon and Azrin). Behavioural explanations for depression consider role of reinforcement and punishment.
Social Learning Theory
Behaviourist: Learning behaviour and role of reinforcement.
Cognitive: Role of mental processes in learning.
Anxiety Disorders: Modelling to treat disorders (showing a model interacting happily with phobic object) Vicarious association made between positive feelings demonstrated and object.
Gender Development: SLT see gender related behaviour as aquired by reinforcement, modelling and imitation.
Biological: Cognitive Neuropsychology.
SLT: Cognitive factors.
Cognition and Law: Knowledge of how menory works has been applied to interviewing witnesses.
Social Cognition: Schemas or Mental frameworks represent info about self, other people and situations. Help to encode new info, focus attention and influence what is remembered and thereofre guide behaviour.
Behaviourist: Role and quality of experience.
Biological: Inheritance of instincts and evolution of behaviour.
Anxiety Disorders: Behaviour results from unconcious repressed traumatic memories and unresolved childhood conflict.
Social Development: Bowlby's attachment theory sees root of human personality in earliest relationships. Erikson emphasied improtance of mother's social responsiveness in development of secure attachments and basic trust.
Biological: Innate tendancy to realise one's potential.
Cognitive: Internal conscious experience.
Mood Disorders: Depression/Low self-esteem result from low uncondition positive regard and an inability to accept one's self.
Schizophrenia: Cannot directly tackle serious disorders but can be used as supportive therapy (and for relatives). Milieu therapy (a half-way house for chronic institutionalised patients).