Advantages of Representative Democracy
The advantages of representative democracy are:
- Elected representative, such as MPs, may have superior knowledge and judgement. This avoids hasty and emotional decisions made directly by the people.
- The people may not have much knowledge on issues to make a wise decision.
- Representatives and parties are able to mediate (intervene) between the interests of different sections of society.
- Direct democracy means the will of the majority always prevails, making the minorities vulnerable.
- Issues involving conflicting interests require complex solutions. MPs have the knowledge to be able to do so and will know what is best.
- Whereas the people do not have the correct knowledge to do be able to make complex solutions as direct democracy tends to reduce all questions to over-simplified answers.
- Representative democracy can make better sense of demands made directly by the people, and can convert them into practical programmes.
- Whereas, these demands are often incoherent and illogical in direct democracy.
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Advantages of Direct Democracy
The advantages of Direct Democracy are:
- Direct democracy is the purest form of democracy as the people make the decisions.
- However, the people do not have all the knowledge required to make wise decisions on constitutional or political matters.
- Decisions made directly by the people may now carry more authority.
- Direct democracy avoids decisions being made by representatives, purely in their own interests (party whip).
- However, the electorate opinion may not be the correct or right decision for Britain.
- People are increasingly becoming well informed and educated on politics, therefore they can make their own judgements.
- However, the majority of the electorate are not educated in politics and do not care for it, so a direct democracy would be letting uneducated people making the decisions, and their judgement may be incorrect.
- People prefer to make decisions for themselves, especially when there is disillusionment with representative institutions.
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