Common Polymers - Thermoplastics

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Alice
  • Created on: 26-05-15 19:15

ABS - Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene

Properties:

- High impact strength

- Good toughness with good strength

- Scratch resistant

- Lightweight

- Durable

Uses:

- Kitchen products, mobile phone cases, PC monitor cases, safety helmets, toys, some car parts & domestic telephones.

1 of 14

CA - Cellulose Acetate

Properties:

- Tough

- Rigid

- Lightweight with good strength

- Transparent 

- Non flammable

Uses:

- Photographic film, handles for cutlery, cupboard door knobs, frames for glasses.

2 of 14

Nylon/Polyamide

Properties:

- Hard

- Tough

- Resistant to wear with a low coefficient of friction

Uses:

- Bearings, gears, curtain rail fittings & clothing.

3 of 14

PMMA/Acrylic

Properties:

- Food safe

- Tough

- Hard

- Durable

- Easily machined

Uses:

- Light units, illuminated signs, lenses for car lights

4 of 14

PP - Polypropylene

Properties:

- Lightweight

- Food safe

- Good impact resistance even at low temperatures

- Good chemical resistance

- Tough

- Flexible

Uses:

- Kitchen products (containers), medical equipment, string & rope.

5 of 14

HIPS - High Impact Polystyrene

Properties: 

- Good impact resistance

- Good strength & stiffness

- Lightweight 

- Good aesthetic qualities

- Can be coloured

- Low cost

Uses:

- Toys, refrigerator linings

6 of 14

Polystyrene

Properties:

- Lightweight

- Rigid

- Colourless

- Low impact strength

Uses:

- Packaging, disposable cups/plates & containers

7 of 14

Expanded Polystyrene

Properties:

- Floats

- Good sound & heat insulator

- Lightweight

- Low strength

Uses:

- Packaging, disposable cups, sound & heat insulation

8 of 14

LDPE - Low Density Polyethylene

Properties:

- Low density

- Lightweight

- Low stiffness

- Good chemical resistance

Uses:

- Detergent bottles, toys & carrier bags

9 of 14

HDPE - High Density Polyethylene

Properties:

- High density

- Good stiffness

- Good chemical resistance

Uses:

- Crates, bottles, buckets & bowls

10 of 14

uPVC - Polyvinyl Chloride

Properties:

- Tough

- Hard

- Rigid

- Lightweight

- Good chemical resistance

- Good resistance to weathering

- Can be coloured

Uses: 

- Pipes, guttering, bottles & window frames

11 of 14

PVC - Polyvinyl Chloride

Properties:

- Tough

- Hard

- Rigid

- Lightweight

- Good chemical resistance

- Good resistance to weathering

- Can be coloured

Uses:

- Credit cards, toys, pipes

12 of 14

PET - Polyethylene Terephthalate

Properties:

- Strong

- Lightweight

- Moderate chemical resistance

- Good gas & moisture barrier

- Impact resistance 

Uses:

- Fibres used to make a wide range of clothing, blow moulded bottles for beers & soft drinks, electrical plugs & sockets, audio & video tapes, insulation tapes

13 of 14

PC - Polycarbonate

Properties:

- Tough

- Good chemical resistance

- Good heat resistance

- Expensive material

Uses:

- Very tough - Used for protective shields including safety glasses, helmets, hairdryer bodies, telephone parts, vandal proof street lights

14 of 14

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Design Technology: Product Design resources:

See all Design Technology: Product Design resources »See all Plastics resources »