Collectivisation of agriculture

A quick summary of Mao's policies on agriculture from 1951 to 1956

HideShow resource information

"Mutual Aid Teams"

  • 1951
  • Consisted of 10 or fewer households
  • Pooled equipment and labour  (at harvest time)
  • Ownership of land and produce remained private

By 1952.....

  • 40% of peasant households in "Mutual aid teams"
1 of 5

"Agricultural Producers Cooperatives" APC's

  • 1951
  • Consisted of 30 - 50 households
  • Members pooled labour, animals and equipment
  • Privately owned - under government management
  • Richer peasants given money to pool their resources (equipment and animals).
  • Only reached south east China in 1954
2 of 5

Debate over speed of collectivisation

  • Mao feared peasant resistance (like in Russia)
  • 1953 he condemned "Rash Advance" to APC's
  • Led to capitalism in countryside amongst rich peasants.
  • Led to condemnation of "Rash Retreat"

 

  • New effort to push though APC's
  • Peasant resistance e.g. (slaughtering of animals)
  • Floods = poor harvest + riots

January 1955....

  • Mao halts APC's - 1/7 houses in them

April 1955....

  • Mao returns to being dogmatic, does not compromise about APC's.
3 of 5

"Conference of Local Party Secretaries"

  • July 1955
  • Mao pushed foward dream of "socialist countryside"

By January 1956....

  • 80% households in APC's
4 of 5

"Higher level APC's"

  • Became more common
  • No provate ownership
  • No compensation
  • 200 - 300 households

End of 1956....

  • 88% of peasants in this
  • Gave governement more control over rural China.
  • Ideological victory
  • Lost communists support of millions of peasants
  • Reduced debts of poorest peasants - back to grass roots
5 of 5

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all China in the 20th century resources »