There were Three Major Decisions at Yalta in 1945.
The 'big three' allied leaders - British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, US President Roosevelt and USSR leader Stalin - met for the Yalta Conference in February 1945 - to plan what they wanted to happen after the war.
The Three Major Decisions
- Germany was to be split into four zones of occupation.
- Free elections for new goverments would be held in countries previously occupied in Eastern Europe.
- The United Nations would replace the failed League of Nations.
However, this situation changed when:
- Roosevelt died and was succeeded by Harry Truman, who was suspicious of the USSR.
- In Britain, the Conservative PM Winston Churchill was replaced by Labour's Clement Attlee.
- The USSR expanded westwards into the Baltic states and parts of Finland, Poland, Czechoslovakia and Romania.
Agreements were Made at Potsdam in August 1945.
Germany surrendered in May 1945. The allies made more decisions about post-war Europe:
- The new boundaries of Poland were agreed.
- The allies decided to divide Germany and Berlin between them.
- They agreed to legal trials at Nuremberg of Nazi leaders for war crimes.