Cold War - History GCSE

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  • Created on: 09-04-12 15:03

Teheran Conference November 1943

 

Agreements:

  • Britain and USA agreed to open up a 2nd front by invading France in May 1944.
  • The Soviet Union was to wage war against Japan once Germany was defeated.
  • A United Nations organisation was to be set up after the war.
  • An area of eastern Poland was added to the Soviet Union.
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Yalta Conference - Agreements - February 1945

 

Allied forces were closing in on defeat of Germany and therefore decided to meet again.

Agreements:

  • The Soviet Union would enter war against Japan once Germany surrendered.
  • To divide Germany into four zones (GB, US, USSR, France).
  • To also divide Berlin the same way.
  • To hunt down and trail Nazi War criminals.
  • To allow countrie that had been liberated from Nazi power and choose the government they want.
  • To join the new United Nations in order to mantain peace.
  • That the eastern Europe wold be a Soviet Sphere of Influence.
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Yalta Conference - Disagreements - February 1945

Allied forces were closing in on defeat of Germany and therefore decided to meet again.

Disagreements:

  • On how much Germany was to pay for reperations. Stalin wanted a much larger figure that Rooslevelt or Churchill. The decision was delayed to the next conference.
  • About Poland - Stalin wanted the Polish/German border to be much further West than the Western Allies. He also wanted a 'friendly' Polish government so that his countru would have some protection from Germany. The western powers feared that this would be a Soviet-controlled government. They persuaded Stalin to agree to allow free elections in Poland.
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Potsdam Conference - Agreements - July 1945

Agreements:           

  • To divide Germany & Berlin as agreed. Each of the four zones of Germand and sectors of Berlin would be occupied and adminstered by one of the Allies.
  • To demilitarise Germany.
  • To re-establish democracy in Germany including free elections, a press and freedom of speech.
  • That Germany had to pay reperations to the Allies in equitment and materials. Most of this would go to the Soviet Union as they suffered most. The Soviet Union would be given a quater of the industrial goos made in the western zones in return for food and coal from the Soviet Zone.
  • To ban the Nazi party. Nazis were removed from important postions and leading Nazis were to be put on trail for war crimes at Nuremburg in 1946.
  • To praticipate fully in the United Nations Organisation.
  • That Poland's frontier was to be moved westwards to the rivers of Oder and Neisse.
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Potsdam Conference - Disagreements - July 1945

Disagreements:

  • Over Germany - Twenty million Russians had died during the war and Stalin wanted massive compensation that would totally and permanently crippled Germany. Truman refused. He saw a revived Germany as a possible barrier to future Soviet expansion. Stalin wanted to disable Germany completly to protect the Soviet Union against future threats. Truman did not want Germany to be punished the way it had been in the Treaty of Versailles.
  • About free elections - Truman wanted free elections in countries of eastern Europe occupied by Soviet troops. Stalin refused to sumbit to the US pressure beleiving it was unwelcome interference. Truman was furious and behan a 'get tough' policy against the Soviets.
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