The Cuban Revolution
The Cuban Revolution (1959):
- The revolution brought Fidel Castro to power in Cuba.
- He ejected all US businesses from Cuba.
- In retalliation, the USA stopped buying Cuba's biggets export; sugar.
Castro's Conversion to Communism:
- After the USA stopped buying sugar, the USSR saw an opportunty to pose a communist threat much nearer to the US.
- They offered to buy Cuban sugar and provide machinery and technological assistance.
- Castro became closely linked with communism after this.
- Castro declared his conversion to communism in 1961. This concerned Kennedy.
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Bay of Pigs and Nuclear Weapons
Bay of Pigs Incident:
- The USA broke off diplomatic connections with Cuba in January 1961.
- Eisenhower made sure that Cuban refugees living in America would be trained to invade Cuba. Kennedy took over this scheme.
- The aim of the invasion was to create a national uprising against Castro.
- On the 15th April 1961, US bombed the Cuban air force and 1500 Cuban exiles ('La Brigada') landed at the Bay of Pigs.
- They were met by 20,000 of Castro's army - the invasion was a humiliating failure for the US.
USA Discovery of Soviet Nuclear Weapons:
- Khruschev claimed to be protecting Cuba from future attacks like the Bay of Pigs.
- He brought missiles to Cuba claiming that they were purely defensive unlike the missiles that the USA had in Italy and Turkey, when he was actually spreading communism to Latin America
- On the 14th October 1962, a U2 plane took photos of IBRM and MBRM (Intermediate/ Medium Range Ballistic Missiles) in Cuba that were an extreme threat to almost all US cities and US security.
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