COGNITIVE INTERVIEW

COGNITIVE INTERVIEWS:used by police for interviewing witnesses,interview strategies based on what psychologists have found about the memory.

Why ?

our brain is made up of a network of associations , which are best accessed using multiple retrieval techniques.

Key Study -Fisher and Gieselman,1992

  • REPORT EVERYTHING -EVERY SINGLE DETAIL OF EVENT-AIM:INCREASES CONSISTENCY BETWEEN ACTUAL EVENT AND RECALL OF EVENT.
  • MENTAL REINSTATEMENT OF ORIGINAL CONTEXT- MENTALLY RECREATE THE ENVIROMENT OF ORIGINAL INCIDENT -AGAIN INCREASES CONSISTENCY BETWEEN ACTUAL EVEN AND RECALL OF EVENT,THUS INCREASING RECALL.
  • CHANGING THE ORDER-REVERSING THE ORDER IN WHICH EVENTS OCCURED-AIM:TO VARY THE ROUTE THROUGH MEMORY IN ORDER TO INCREASE RECALL.
  • CHANGING PERSPECTIVE-RECALL THE INCIDENT FROM MULTIPLE PERSPECTIVES-AIM:TO VARY ROUTE THROUGH MEMORY IN ORDER TO INCREASE RECALL.

Evidence

Stein and Memon-interviewed female cleaning staff in Brazil and found increased recall , especially for useful details.

Kohnken

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COGNITIVE INTERVIEWS:used by police for interviewing witnesses,interview strategies based on what psychologists have found about the memory.

Why ?

our brain is made up of a network of associations , which are best accessed using multiple retrieval techniques.

Key Study -Fisher and Gieselman,1992

  • REPORT EVERYTHING -EVERY SINGLE DETAIL OF EVENT-AIM:INCREASES CONSISTENCY BETWEEN ACTUAL EVENT AND RECALL OF EVENT.
  • MENTAL REINSTATEMENT OF ORIGINAL CONTEXT- MENTALLY RECREATE THE ENVIROMENT OF ORIGINAL INCIDENT -AGAIN INCREASES CONSISTENCYBETWEEN ACTUAL EVEN AND RECALL OF EVENT,THUS INCREASING RECALL.
  • CHANGING THE ORDER-REVERSING THE ORDER IN WHICH EVENTS OCCURED-AIM:TO VARY THE ROUTE THROUGH MEMORY IN ORDER TO INCREASE RECALL.
  • CHANGING PERSPECTIVE-RECALL THE INCIDENT FROM MULTIPLE PERSPECTIVES-AIM:TO VARY ROUTE THROUGH MEMORY IN ORDER TO INCREASE RECALL.

Evidence

Stein and Memon-interviewed female cleaning staff in Brazil and found increased recall , especially for useful details.

Kohnken et al -conducted a meta-analysis of 53 studies and found a 34% increase when using COGNITIVE INTERVIEW compared with STANDARD INTERVIEW.

Milne and Bull- interviewed college students and children -found that using steps 1&2 gave better recall than just using 1. They also found that using just 1 component was no better than an instruction to 'try again'.

Evaluation -

Kebbel and Wagstaff- time consuming -police prefer to use strategies that limit amount of information collected.

Hard to evaluate-there are many different versions of Cognitive Interview used by different police forces, some only use two of the steps.

Validity -many tested volunteers (volunteer bias), Lab experiments -can't be generalised.

Lab -easy to determine cause and effect , easy to repeat , high level of control controlled.

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Comments

Student123

How do i edit this i pasted the same thing twice :/

Student123

Can't do it , so just ignore the next part  sorry:)

Shaydel Ramajan

Great help :)

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