Cognitive errors: Common faulty thinking strategies

Part of the cognitive model of abnormality - AQA course

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  • Created by: Daisy
  • Created on: 26-05-12 10:19

ALL OR NOTHING THINKING (DICHOTOMOUS THINKING)

A tendency to classify everything into 2 extreme categories, eg, success and failure

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ARBITRARY INFERENCES

Jumping to negative conclusions without having evidence

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OVERGENERALISATION (MAGNIFICATION)

Coming to conclusions with having little evidence, eg, a single incident

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CATASTROPHISING

Relatively normal events are perceived as disasters

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SELECTIVE ABSTRACTION (PERFECTIONISM)

When a person pays attention to certain features of an event and ignores other features that may lead to alternative conclusions 

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EXCESSIVE RESPONSIBILITY

Excessively taking responsibility and the blame for things that happen

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