COGNITIVE Approach - Craik & Lockhart, Levels of Processing

THEORY
Levels of Processing (LOP)

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  • Created by: sshahedab
  • Created on: 26-04-14 19:20

COGNITIVE Approach - Craik & Lockhart, LOP

LEVELS OF PROCESSING

  • Memory trace - comes with depth of processing/degree of elaboration
    (NO DEPTH PROCESSING= NO MEMORY TRACE)
  • Deeper analysis - more persistent memory trace
  • Rehearsal in primary memory - holds info but doesn't leave memory trace
  • When attention diverted - info lost at rate that depends on level of analysis
     

Supporting evidence: Hyde & Jenkins - remember more when told to jugde meaning of word
Craik & Tulving - best recall when asked to judge if word fit into a sentence or not -> MEANING
Whole process instead of only storage.
Time=better memory, not depth of processing
'Depth' hard to define, term unclear = framework unclear

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