- Created by: lyds28
- Created on: 07-03-19 10:36
- The mind actively processes info from our senses (touch, taste etc).
- Between stimulus and response are complex mental processes which can be studied scientifically.
- Humans can be seen as data processing systems.
- The workings of a computer + the human mind are alike - they encode and store info and they have outputs.
1 of 4
- Cognitive Approach - An approach focused on how our mental processes affect behaviour.
- Internal Mental Processes - Private operations of the mind such as perception and attention that mediate between stimulus and response.
- Schema - A mental framework of beliefs and expectations that influence cognitive processing. They are developed from past experience.
- Inference - The process whereby cognitive psychologists draw conclusions about the way mental processes operate on the basis of observed behaviour.
- Cognitive Neuroscience - The scientific study of biological structures that underpin cognitive processes
2 of 4
- Models are often used by cognitive to explain unobservable processes in a concrete, testable way.
- Often represented as a diagram that includes boxes and arrows that shows the stages of a particular mental process.
- They investigate thinking by manipulating what people take into their minds (info) and observing what comes out (behaviour).
- We can develop theories about how people's minds work by comparing input + output. Good theories will allow us to predict the output from the input.
- Key point:
- Humans are often influenced by emotional and motivational factors -computers aren't.
3 of 4
Evaluation of the Cognitive Approach
- Considers mind
- Studies mind in scientific way - e.g. brain scans (FMRI).
- Practical applications have developed from approach e.g. CBT.
- Less deterministic than other approaches - acknowledges we are "free to think" before responding to a stimulus.
- Doesnt take into account individual differences.
- A lot of the studies use artificial stimulus e.g. Peterson + Peterson - not realistic.
- Suffers from MACHINE REDUCTIONISM - views brain as a machine but doesnt take into account emotions e.g. memory/anxiety.
4 of 4