Coastal Development

The effects and impacts of coastalisation

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UK seaside resort- was originally two seperate towns, but then in victorian era (when the railway was developed in 1886) by 1906 faster connection between london was made, only taking 3 hours.

The first tourists were wealthy, hence the grandest hotels were made on the seafront. By 1930's, the seaside resorts continued to grow, this time attracting the working population due to improved working conditions from the unions (longer holidays and better pay). cheaper accomodation was built further inland. 

By 1950's/1960's, was the BOOM for seaside resorts,holiday camps such as butlins was created, and the average wage increased to more people were able to go on day trips.

By 1970's/1980's, Cromer declines, cheaper package holidays were taken instead to places where sunshine was guaranteed!

2000's, Cromer REGROWS as people retire, and move to coastal areas, after selling their houses in the city for a lot of money to live off, to then have a more relaxed lifestyle.  "Weekend Away" developed as the working man had longer holidays and more money to spend.

Mention and for info in exam 

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Why Cromer became popular...

Physical Reasons:

Climate - dry and warm in the summer, North Norfolk is the driest place in Britain, with plenty of hours of sunshine. 

Beach - it's soft, made from sand and shingle, and is narrow with a gentle gradient. Research: GIS for width of beach, photos for evidence, fieldwork (beach profile or sediment analysis)

Scenery - an attractive coastal town
Fieldwork: Questionnaires, blue flag for quality (

Migration into the area:There is currently a natural decrease in the ageing population, but the population has still grown due to inward migration from the retiring/retired. I would investigate this using the statistics website ( and look at population  data and population pyramids.

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