Coalition government

definition, pros & cons

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  • Created by: Jenny
  • Created on: 05-12-09 20:29

Defintion of a coalition government

coalitions include 2 different governments:

  • The Grand coalition - includes representatives of the 2 main parties e.g. Angela Merkel in Germany
  • Multi-party Calition - involves perhaps 3 or 4 different political parties e.g. Austria, Italy & the Netherlands
  • Coalition of 1 major party & 1 minor third party e.g. Scotland from 1997 to 2007. The lib dems would be the most likely partner for a coalition in the UK

Coalitions are a result of more proportional systems than FPTP (first past the post) most of Europe have a proportional electoral system.

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Arguements for Coalition

  • The 3rd party - e.g. Lib dems - keep extremist tendancies in check
  • Policies are more likely to benefit more of the electorate and is likely to have more support
  • Coalition is based on consensus, working together, rather than the conflict of FPTP
  • Although coalitions are associated with instability it is possible that it is overstated since even if the government collapses the policies continue
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Arguements against Coalition

  • Forming Coalitions can be difficult & slow as a deal has to be struck between all parties involved
  • Major policies may be shelved as a decision cannot be reached over conterversial issues
  • The creation of policies will be harder as the different parties will have different ideas & beliefs
  • Coalitions are likely to be unstable because of the tension caused by the differing opinion of different parties.
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