Classification/Naming Species

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  • Created by: Zoeee
  • Created on: 01-05-13 18:15

Vertebrates

We classify groups according to their characteristics

Animals with backbones are called vertebrates. The 5 vertebrate groups are:

- Fish 

They exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide across gills, lay eggs (oviparous) and fertilise externally.

- Amphibians

Exchange gases through moist, permeable skin and lay externally fertilized eggs.

-Reptiles and Birds

Exchange gases via their lungs and lay internally fertilised eggs. 

 - Mammals

Give birth to live young, which grow inside the body of the mother. Eggs are fertilised internally.

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5 Kingdoms

Animalia

Multicellular. Cells lack a cell wall and chlorophyll, feed heterotrophically (food from environment)

Plantae

Multicellular. Cells have chlorophyll and a cellulose cell wall. Obtain food autotrophically (food from photosynthesis)

Fungi

Multicellular. Cells lack chlorophyll. Have a cell wall with no cellulose. Feed saprophytically (dead organic matter)

Protoctista

Unicellular, exception of seaweed. Have a distinct nucleus. 

Prokaryotes

Unicellular. Without a distinct nucleus. 

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Binomial Classification

All organisms have a 2 part name, or binomial name.This system prevents confusion over having many different names for the same species.

For examples, humans are homo sapiens

Homo is the genus name. 

Sapiens is the species name. 

Bionmial classification allows scientists to:

- Communicate information about the all the different species. 

- Recognise areas of great biodiversity that should be targets for conservation efforts. 

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What is a species?

A common definition for species is 'organisms that are capable of breeding together to produce fertile offspring.' (Fertile means it can reporduce) 

The offspring of 2 different species are known as hybrids. They are usually infertile. 

There are some complications with the definition of species because...

- Not all hybrids are sterile. For example many plant hyrbrids are fertile. 

- Not all organisms reproduce sexually. Instead they produce asexually.

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