Classical conditioning key terms

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: imy666
  • Created on: 16-04-16 17:51


A stimulus which weakens behaviour because it is unpleasent and we try to avoid it

1 of 14


A consequence of behaviour that encourages or strengthens a behaviour; this might be seen as a reward.

2 of 14

Positive reinforcement

A reward or pleasent consequence that increases the likelihood that a behaviour or action will be repeated.

3 of 14

Negative reinforcement

When an unpleasent experience is removed after a behaviour or action has been made; this increases the liklihood of that behaviour or action being repeated 

4 of 14

Behaviour shaping

Changing behaviour in small steps

5 of 14

Classical conditioning

A procedure during which an animal or person learns to assosiate a reflex response with a new stimulus. 

6 of 14

Unconditioned stimulus

The stimulus that produces the reflex respone; such as the food for Pavlov's dog

7 of 14

Unconditioned response

The reflex response to an unconditioned stimulus, such as Pavlov's dogs salivation

8 of 14

Conditioned stimulus

A new stimulus presented with the UCS, such as the bell pr metronome in Pavlov's experiment

9 of 14

Conditioned response

The response that is learnt; it now occours when the CS is presented, such as Pavlovs dogs salivation

10 of 14


A conditioned response which dies out

11 of 14

Spontaneous recovery

A conditioned response that has disappeared suddenly appears again

12 of 14


The conditioned response is produced when a similar stimulus to the original stimulus is presented

13 of 14


The conditioned response is only produced when a specific stimulus is presented

14 of 14


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Animal behaviour resources »