CLA

NATIVISM

Chomsky 

- Lennenberg 

- Berko and Brown 

  • Language is innate, we all have a language acquisition device. L.A.D.

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BEHAVIOURISM

Skinner

- Behaviour is learnt/taught.

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COGNITIVE

- Piaget 

- Halliday and Dore 

 

  • Children must understand concepts in order to use language.

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SOCIAL INTERACTIONALISTS

- Bruner 

- Vygotsky 

-Language is acquired through assistance (scaffolding). L.A.S.S,

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Chomsky

- Found that children resist correction.

Children with families with impoverished english will still use ‘correct’ grammar.

- Children make virtuous errors “I run-ed”.

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Lenneberg

  • there is Critical Learning Period of up to 5 years when a child can and will acquire language.

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Bellugi

  • Says Chomsky is correct.

  • Children learn pronouns, positives + negatives in 3 stages.

  • Grammar + syntax  wrong.

  • Grammar or syntax wrong.

  • Grammar + syntax right.

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Berko and Brown

- “Fis phenomenon” children resists correction.

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Berko

- “Wugs”

- children invent and use grammar themselves.

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Skinner

  • Operant conditioning

  • Imitation and repetition

  • Rules of social Behaviour and grammar.

 

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Piaget

- Children must understand meaning in language in order to utilise it.

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Halliday and Dore

  • Look at functions of language.

  • How and why children use language.

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Bruner

- language is acquired through assistance (scaffolding).

- L.A.S.S. (language acqusition support system).

- CDS child directed speech (paralinguistics).

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Vygotsky

Children use role-play, place + time of transcription.

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