Citizenship Studies - Anti-Discrimination legislation

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  • Created by: Charis_
  • Created on: 03-05-16 09:21

Equal Pay Act 1970

  • Prohibits less favourable treatment of either men and women in terms of pay and conditions of employment.

  • It entitles men and women to the same pay for doing the same job.

  • Equal pay legislation adapted to include discrimination on grounds of sex.
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Sex Discrimination Act 1975

  • Protects men and women from discrimination on the grounds of their sex.
  • Protects men and women if they're married.
  • It concerns the conditions of employment, training and education the provision of good and services and issues of harrassment.
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Race Relations Act 1976

  • Created to prevent discrimination on the grounds of race.
  • Concerns discrimination on the grounds of race, colour, nationality, ethnic and national origin.
  • In relation to employment, the provision of goods and services and education.
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Equality Act 2006

The areas the act covers specifically include;

  • Age
  • Disability
  • Gender
  • Proposed/commenced/completed gender reassignment
  • Race
  • Religion/belief
  • Sexual orientation

The Equality Act 2006 created the Equality and Human Rights Commission (EHRC)

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Equality Act 2010

The act merged the many pieces of anti-legislation into one act - the Equality Act 2010

The provision of the;

  • Equal Pay Act 1970
  • Sex Discrimination Act 1975
  • Race Relations Act 1976 
  • The Disability Act 1995

These were all consolidated under this piece of legislation.

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The Equality and Human Rights Commission (EHRC)

The Equality and Human Right Commission (EHRC) was created by the Equality Act 2006. 

It merged several other existing bodies designed to prevent discrimination;

  • Commission for Racial Inequality
  • Disability Rights Commission
  • Equal Opportunities Commission


  • promotes the interests of groups that may face hurdles to equal opportunities, and informs the public on these issues
  • provides legal advice to companies on how to promote equal opportunities
  • provides legal advice to employees who feel they have been unfairly treated
  • publishes reports on specific areas of discrimination in order to highligh inequalities and also to inform legislation.
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