Christianity practices

worship

christians worship to: seek God for themselves and others and to ask for forgivness

liturgical worship: a church service that follows a set structure or ritual

- includes formal prayers, music&hymns and a priest leads congengration may perfom symbolic actions

-takes place in catholic,orthodox and anglician churches

-ritual passed down through generation, creates tradition

non liturgical worship: is a service that does not follow a set text or ritual in church

- focuses on bible readings followed by a sermon, can vary for week to week

- takes place in methodist,baptist and united reformed churches

-service can be planned and ordered to suit a certain theme

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prayer

importance of prayer

  • enables christans to talk and listen to God
  • helps chirstians to accept God's will even if it means suffering
  • encourages reflection in the middle of a busy life

lord's prayer

  • christians see it as model of good prayer as it combines praise to God whilst asking for one's needs
  • it reminds christians that God is the father of the whole christian community and it creates a sense of unity when everyone in the congregation says it together
  • used in worship, holy communions,marriages, funerals and schools in commeration services in uk

prayer-is communcating with God either privately or through words of prayer

set prayers- written down and said by one or more people eg. lord's prayer

informal prayer- made up by individual using his or her own words

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sacraments:baptism

  • sacraments- holy rituals which believers recieve a special gift of grace.
  • baptism- ritual through which a person becomes a member of the church,involves water to symbolise the washing away of sin

baptism

  • is cleansing of sin, recieves God's saving grace and the holy spirit, becomes a child of God

infant baptism- for babies and young children

  • practised in the catholic, methodist, anglician and united reformed christian churches
  • removes orginal sin,allows child to be welcomed into church
  • priest pours blessed water over baby's head, godparents&parents promise to bring up the child as a christian

believers baptism- people old enough to understand significance of the ritual

  • practised by pentecostalists, person fully immersed in a pool symbolises new life in christ
  • decesion to dedicate a life to Jesus
  • person gives brief testimony of their faith in Jesus
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sacraments: holy communion

holy communion- known as the eucharist is the sacrament that uses bread and wine to celebrate the sacrifice of jesus.

meaning of holy communion

  • protestant christians celebrate holy communion as a reminder of the last supper and the symbol of Jesus's scarfice
  • catholic, orthodox christians and some anglicans believe the bread and the wine becomes the body and the blood of christ.

bible reference: 1 corthinthians 11:26

the impact of the holy communion

individuals- christian recieve God's grace by joining in the sacrifice of jesus

communities- brings communities of believers together in unity of sharing the bread and wine

wider society- it encourages christians to work for equaility and justice for all

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celebrating holy communion

in most churches holy communion is celebrated in 2 parts: the ministry of the world which focuses on the bible and the minstry of the holy communion which is the offering, consecrating and sharing of the bread and wine.

differences between holy communion services

in orthodox churches:

  • holy communion is called divine liturgy and is believed to recreate heaven on earth.
  • most of the service is held at the alter behind the iconontasis which represents the divide between heaven and earth
  • the priest passes the iconostasis using the royal doors

in catholic and anglican churches

  • catholics believe the bread and wine turn into the body and blood of chirst whereas
  • many anglicans believe jesus is the only present, in a spiritual way when the bread and wine and being eaten
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pilgrimage

pilgrimage-a journey made by a believer to a holy site for religious reasons

role and importance of pligrimage

  • reflect on one's life and thank God for a blessing
  • strengthen faith in god and experience a holy place
  • meet others who share the same faith and seek a cure for illness

places of christian pligrimage

Lourdes- a town in france

  • water believed to have healing properties and a number of healing miracles claimed to have taken place here
  • pligrims pray, ask for healing, bath in the water's of spring and reciete rosary together here

Iona- a island off the coast of scotland

  • community has a ecumenical centre where pilgrims can stay
  • pilgrims attenend service in the abbey,workshops and visit holy or historic sites
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celebrating festivals

christmas- commeomarates the incarnation of Jesus

midnight mass: reflects the holiness of the night and the joy christians feel at Jesus' birth

carol services- with bible readings reminding christians about God's promise of a saviour and events of jesus' birth

easter- most important christian festival, which celebrates jesus' rising from the dead

holy week: remembers the events leading up to Jesus' crucifixion including his arrest

Good Friday: day Jesus' was crucified, special services and person carrying a cross

Easter Sunday: services held at sunrise and share breakfast include eggs to symbolise new life

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role of church in local communities: food banks

role of church

  •  support local projects, campaign for justice and provide social services such as schooling and medical care
  • educate people about christianity, provide activities for younger people eg. youth clubs

bible reference: ephesians 1:22-23

example of church helping local community

the trussell trust

  • a charity running over 400 food banks in the uk
  • aim to bring both non religious and religious people together to end poverty and hunger
  • non perishable food is donated by churches, supermarkets, school, buisnesses and individuals
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role of church in local communities: street pastor

street pastors- people who are trained to patrol the streets in urban areas. They help vunerable people by providing a ressurance prescence on the street.

the importance of helping in the local community

bible reference: james 2:17

jesus taught that christians should help other by showing them agape love

2 examples of christian organastions that help local communites: street pastors and parish nursing

street pastors

  • they listen and advice people on where to seek help and discourage anti social behaviour
  • work closely with police and local council
  • the main aim was to challenge gang culture and knife crime in london
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the place of mission and evangelism

jesus gave the commision to his disciples to spread the gospel and make disciples of all nations through baptism.

the aims of missionary work and evangelism are to work persuade people to accept jesus as their lord and their saviour and extend the church to all nations.

bible reference: matthew 28:19-20

mission is a vocation or calling to spread the faith. the church has a mission to tell non believers that jesus' christ the son of God, came to the world as it's saviour

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church growth

ways christians can spread the faith

  • praying for others to accept God
  • advertising using media such as facebook, twitter and christian radio
  • sharing what God has done for them

new christians are expected to help spread the faith

evangelism should convert others in the ways of following christ

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the importance of the worldwide church

christians believe humans were reconciled to God through jesus' death and reserruction.

reconcilation is therefore an important part of the church's work

for catholics the sacrament of reconciliation also helps to restore people's relationship with God

examples of organisation working for reconciliation

corrymeela community

  • bring people together from different faiths and backgrounds together
  • they meet in a residential center in nothern ireland away from violence so they can work together constructively

irish churches peace project

  • bring catholic and protestant together in nothern ireland
  • aims to develop peace and understanding between 2 denominations
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christian persecution

persecution

-persecution happens world wide but particularly in iraq, syria, somlia and north korea

- internation society for human rights estimate 80% of persecution of all acts of religious discriminations today are aimed at christians

some christians response to persecution

- for some christians, persecution can strengthen their faith and allows them to share in the suffering of jesus bible reference: phillippians 3:10

-church believes it is important to act against persecution by supporting the persecuted wherever possible and campaigning on their behalf bible reference: 1 corinthians 12:26

-christians are encouraged to show love and forgivness towards their persecutors bible reference: romans 1:22

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the church's response to world's poverty

Jesus once taught a rich man to sell everything and give it to the poor mark 10:21

the parable of the rich man and lazarus (luke 16:19-31) tells of a rich man who ends up in hell for ignoring a beggar

bible reference: 1 john 3:17-18

examples of charity and their work

christian aid

  • supports projects to encourage suistanable development 
  • provides emergency relief, such as food, water, shelter and sanitation

cafod

  • works with local organastion to train,supply and support communities to work their own way out of poverty
  • gives short term aid
  • encourages catholic schools to pray,give money and campaign for justice
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