- Created by: LivGrace
- Created on: 28-03-19 09:54
Found in Luke and Matthew Gospels
- Matthew features the Magi
- Luke tells the story of Mary and Joseph having to travel because of a census
- Luke's story includes visiting Shepherds
- King Harold ordered the killing of the baby boys in Matthew's gospel
- Matthew traces Jesus' family tree through to Abraham
- Luke seems to tell the story of Jesus' birth through Mary's perspective
Raymond. E. Brown (1928-1998)
- Roman Catholic New Testament Scholar
- "We should be careful when harmonizing the stories because we miss the theological point that each evangelist was trying to make"
- Matthew- Un-named Angel appears to Joseph
- Luke- Angel Gabriel appears to Mary
- Matthew- Joseph marries Mary
- Luke- Joseph engaged to mary.
- Luke- Mary visitis Elizabeth
- Luke- Birth of John the Baptist
- Matthew- The wise men
- Luke- The shepherds
- Matthew- Herod- Slaughter of the infants
- Luke- Temple- Presentation of Christ in the temple
- Matthew- Flight to Egypt. Return to Nazareth from Egypt
- Luke- Return to Nazareth from Jeresalem
- Matthew- Jesus born in 'Days of Herod'
- Luke- 'When Quirninus was Govenor of Syria'
Birth Stories- Similarities
- Jeus was born in Bethlehem when Herod was king of Judah
- Mothers name was Mary
- Mary was betrothed to Joseph
- Jesus concieved of Holy Spirit
- Mary was a virgin
- People travelled to visit newborn baby
- Jesus was the fulfilment of the Old Testament prophet
Substantial Presence/ Kenotic Model
- Human but divine is still there
- God is substantially present in Jesus
- Jesus had all of the attributes of God at Birth
- Gnostic writings suggested that the material world was evil
- Jesus appears fully protected
- Becoming human loses some divine features
- Kenotic- Greek word for emptying
- The son voluntarily emptied himself of some of his attributes just prior to the incarnation.
- Puts accent on Jesus' humanity
Redaction Critiscim- The theory that New Testament writers altered existing material about Jesus to suit their own agenda (Norman Perrin is a redaction critic)
God comes to earth in Human form
- God can connect with his people
- Creates a personal relationship
- Easier to pray when they are there in front of you
- How can he be omniscient when he is on earth?
- Can he be relatable in the form he has taken?
- Middle age man from Palestine cannot connect with teenage girl
Plato- Metaphysical- Plato thought the metaphysical world was more superior than the physical world
Gnostics- Physical things are bad, disagree with the incarnation because don't believe God can be physical
Arian Controversy- Questioned if God could be a person. Jesus is an inferior copy of God
Nicene Creed- Were against Arius (Arian Controversy), Council of Nicea make the bible
Chalcedon Creed- "Truly God and Truly Man"
The idea that a living being comes back to life after death in a re-created, perfect, human body
Ezechial 37: The Valley of the dry bones
Gosepels= Resurrection is a teaching in all 4 gospels
St.Paul- 1 Corinthians 15
- Aimed to prove that the narratives of the life oj jesus were offering theology in story form and that the events didn't actually take place in history
- Jesus' death and burial is historial but his resurrection and rebirth is historic
- The spiritual significance of the resurrection was that is happened to jesus disciples and jesus himself
- Bultmann's 'final judgement' is an event that takes place in each person's heart as they respond to God
- Christ is risen not in spite of his death, but he is risen precisey as the crucified one who died
- Bultmann sharply highlights the eschatological character of the resurrection- part of theology concerned with his death, judgement and the final destiny of the soul and of human kind.
- Bultmann seeks to develop a theology of resurrection which does justice to the primitive christian proclomation
- We need to demyth the bible
- Jesus' crucifixion is the most important part of Jesus' life
Countered Theories/ Wrights responce
1) Jesus survived the crucifixtion- Roman Soldiers knew what they were doing
2) The Tomb was empty, but nothing else happened- The disciples would have assumed that Jesus' body had been stolen
3) The Disciples had a vision of Jesus- Doesn't claim that the departed person had been raised from the dead
- No one expected the messiah to rise from the dead so why would they make it up
- If someone doesnt have a religious world view they aren't going to believe the resurrection
- If the messiah died then you should move on and find a new one but the Chritstians carried on and many say that even though jesus died on the cross he is still the messiah
- Mary Magdalene visits the tomb to find Jesus gone.Mistakes Jesus for a gardener. Disciples do not recognise Jesus and Thomas touches his wounds.
- Disciples are fishing, do not recognise Jesus. Tells them to fish on the otherside of their boat and then they catch lots of fish. realise it is jesus
1 Corinthians 15
- St. Paul talks about how Jesus died on the cross and then rose again and helped others before he then went to heaven
- Talks about how Jesus will hand over the kingdom to God
- Talks about how the resurrected body is imperishable, glorified, powerful and spiritual
- "Do not be afraid of those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul, rather be afraid of the one who can destory both the body and soul in hell"
- To live is christ and to die is gain